Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 758–765

Redefining Autism Spectrum Disorder Using DSM-5: The Implications of the Proposed DSM-5 Criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorders

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-013-1927-3

Cite this article as:
Young, R.L. & Rodi, M.L. J Autism Dev Disord (2014) 44: 758. doi:10.1007/s10803-013-1927-3

Abstract

A number of changes were made to pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) in the recently released diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (APA, Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, American Psychiatric Publishing, Arlington, VA, 2013). Of the 210 participants in the present study who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for a PDD [i.e., autistic disorder, Asperger’s disorder and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)], only 57.1 % met DSM-5 criteria (specificity = 1.0) for autism spectrum disorder when criteria were applied concurrently during diagnostic assessment. High-functioning individuals (i.e., Asperger’s disorder and PDD-NOS) were less likely to meet DSM-5 criteria than those with autistic disorder. A failure to satisfy all three criteria in the social-communication domain was the most common reason for exclusion (39 %). The implications of these results are discussed.

Keywords

AutismDiagnosisDSM-IVDSM-5

Supplementary material

10803_2013_1927_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (28 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 27 kb)

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Flinders University of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia