Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 44, Issue 1, pp 216–228

Parent-Based Sleep Education for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

  • Beth A. Malow
  • Karen W. Adkins
  • Ann Reynolds
  • Shelly K. Weiss
  • Alvin Loh
  • Diane Fawkes
  • Terry Katz
  • Suzanne E. Goldman
  • Niru Madduri
  • Rachel Hundley
  • Traci Clemons
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-013-1866-z

Cite this article as:
Malow, B.A., Adkins, K.W., Reynolds, A. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2014) 44: 216. doi:10.1007/s10803-013-1866-z

Abstract

This study provided sleep education to parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to determine whether an individual or group format was more effective in improving sleep and aspects of daytime behavior and family functioning. Eighty children, ages 2–10 years, with ASD and sleep onset delay completed the study. Actigraphy and parent questionnaires were collected at baseline and 1 month after treatment. Mode of education did not affect outcomes. Sleep latency, insomnia subscales on the Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire, and other outcomes related to child and family functioning improved with treatment. Parent-based sleep education, delivered in relatively few sessions, was associated with improved sleep onset delay in children with ASD. Group versus individualized education did not affect outcome.

Keywords

Insomnia Actigraphy Children’s Sleep Habits Questionnaire Repetitive Behavior Scale-Revised Child Behavior Checklist 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beth A. Malow
    • 1
  • Karen W. Adkins
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ann Reynolds
    • 3
  • Shelly K. Weiss
    • 4
  • Alvin Loh
    • 5
  • Diane Fawkes
    • 1
  • Terry Katz
    • 3
  • Suzanne E. Goldman
    • 1
  • Niru Madduri
    • 6
  • Rachel Hundley
    • 6
  • Traci Clemons
    • 7
  1. 1.Sleep Disorders Division, Department of Neurology and Vanderbilt Kennedy CenterVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA
  2. 2.Sleep Disorders Division, Department of NeurologyVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pediatrics, Anschutz Medical Campus, University of Colorado School of MedicineUniversity of Colorado DenverAuroraUSA
  4. 4.Hospital for Sick ChildrenUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  5. 5.Surrey Place CentreTorontoCanada
  6. 6.Department of Pediatrics, Monroe Carell Jr. Children’s Hospital at VanderbiltVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA
  7. 7.EMMES CorporationRockvilleUSA

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