Brief Report: Comparability of DSM-IV and DSM-5 ASD Research Samples
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Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) criteria for ASD have been criticized for being too restrictive, especially for more cognitively-able individuals. It is unclear, however, if high-functioning individuals deemed eligible for research via standardized diagnostic assessments would meet DSM-5 criteria. This study investigated the impact of DSM-5 on the diagnostic status of 498 high-functioning participants with ASD research diagnoses. The percent of participants satisfying all DSM-5-requirements varied significantly with reliance on data from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS; 33 %) versus Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R; 83 %), highlighting the impact of diagnostic methodology on ability to document DSM-5 symptoms. Utilizing combined ADOS/ADI-R data, 93 % of participants met DSM-5 criteria, which suggests likely continuity between DSM-IV and DSM-5 research samples characterized with these instruments in combination.
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- Brief Report: Comparability of DSM-IV and DSM-5 ASD Research Samples
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume 43, Issue 5 , pp 1236-1242
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS)
- Autism Diagnostic Interview (ADI)
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychiatry, University of Pittsburgh, Webster Hall, Suite 300, 3811 O’Hara Street, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213, USA
- 2. Yale Child Study Center, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
- 3. Departments of Psychiatry and Neurology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA