Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 43, Issue 5, pp 1236–1242

Brief Report: Comparability of DSM-IV and DSM-5 ASD Research Samples

  • C. A. Mazefsky
  • J. C. McPartland
  • H. Z. Gastgeb
  • N. J. Minshew
Brief Report

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-012-1665-y

Cite this article as:
Mazefsky, C.A., McPartland, J.C., Gastgeb, H.Z. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2013) 43: 1236. doi:10.1007/s10803-012-1665-y

Abstract

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) criteria for ASD have been criticized for being too restrictive, especially for more cognitively-able individuals. It is unclear, however, if high-functioning individuals deemed eligible for research via standardized diagnostic assessments would meet DSM-5 criteria. This study investigated the impact of DSM-5 on the diagnostic status of 498 high-functioning participants with ASD research diagnoses. The percent of participants satisfying all DSM-5-requirements varied significantly with reliance on data from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS; 33 %) versus Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R; 83 %), highlighting the impact of diagnostic methodology on ability to document DSM-5 symptoms. Utilizing combined ADOS/ADI-R data, 93 % of participants met DSM-5 criteria, which suggests likely continuity between DSM-IV and DSM-5 research samples characterized with these instruments in combination.

Keywords

Autism Diagnosis Assessment DSM-5 Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) Autism Diagnostic Interview (ADI) 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. Mazefsky
    • 1
  • J. C. McPartland
    • 2
  • H. Z. Gastgeb
    • 1
  • N. J. Minshew
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Yale Child Study CenterYale UniversityNew HavenUSA
  3. 3.Departments of Psychiatry and NeurologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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