Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 43, Issue 6, pp 1447–1451

Brief Report: Incidence of Ophthalmologic Disorders in Children with Autism

  • Jamie Ikeda
  • Bradley V. Davitt
  • Monica Ultmann
  • Rolanda Maxim
  • Oscar A. Cruz
Brief Report

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-012-1475-2

Cite this article as:
Ikeda, J., Davitt, B.V., Ultmann, M. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2013) 43: 1447. doi:10.1007/s10803-012-1475-2

Abstract

Purpose To determine the incidence of ophthalmologic disorders in children with autism and related disorders. Design Retrospective chart review. Four hundred and seven children diagnosed with autism or a related disorder between 1998 and 2006. one hundred and fifty-four of these children completed a comprehensive ophthalmology exam by a pediatric ophthalmologist. Results Ophthalmologic pathology was found in 40% of patients with autism or a related disorder with 29% having significant refractive errors, 21% demonstrating strabismus, and 10% having amblyopia. Conclusions Children with autism or a related disorder will frequently have an ophthalmologic abnormality. Since cooperation with vision screening is understandably limited in these children, a comprehensive eye examination by a pediatric ophthalmologist is recommended for all such children.

Keywords

Autism Amblyopia Strabismus Refractive errors Ophthalmologic disorders 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jamie Ikeda
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Bradley V. Davitt
    • 1
    • 4
  • Monica Ultmann
    • 2
    • 4
  • Rolanda Maxim
    • 4
  • Oscar A. Cruz
    • 1
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologySaint Louis University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Floating Hospital for Children at Tufts Medical CenterTufts University School of MedicineBostonUSA
  3. 3.Eye Physicians of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA
  4. 4.Department of Pediatrics, Cardinal Glennon Children’s Medical CenterSaint Louis University School of MedicineSt. LouisUSA