Patterns of Contact with Hospital for Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Danish Register-Based Study
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The aim of this study was to study patterns of contact with hospital for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using Danish population based register data. We included all children born in Denmark from 1994 through 2002. We found that children diagnosed with ASD had an increased rate of contact with hospital, almost regardless of the cause for the hospital contact. Given the overall association between hospital contact for various causes and ASD observed in these data, hospital data should be used cautiously in future studies searching for associations between a specific disease and ASD. If the increased rate of hospital contact overall for children with ASD is not considered, then misleading over interpretations might be made of observed associations between specific diseases and ASD.
- Andersen, T. F., Madsen, M., Jorgensen, J., Mellemkjoer, L., & Olsen, J. H. (1999). The Danish National Hospital Register. A valuable source of data for modern health sciences. Danish Medical Bulletin, 46, 263–268.
- Atladottir, H. O., Thorsen, P., Schendel, D. E., Ostergaard, L., Lemcke, S., & Parner, E. T. (2010). Association of hospitalization for infection in childhood with diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders: a Danish cohort study. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 164, 470–477. CrossRef
- Barcia, G., Posar, A., Santucci, M., & Parmeggiani, A. (2008). Autism and coeliac disease. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 38, 407–408. CrossRef
- Gardener, H., Spiegelman, D., & Buka, S. L. (2011). Perinatal and Neonatal Risk Factors for Autism: A Comprehensive Meta-Analysis. Pediatrics.
- Gillberg, C., & Coleman, M. (1996). Autism and medical disorders: a review of the literature. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 38, 191–202. CrossRef
- Gurney, J. G., McPheeters, M. L., & Davis, M. M. (2006). Parental report of health conditions and health care use among children with and without autism: National Survey of Children’s Health. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 160, 825–830. CrossRef
- Knudsen, L. B., & Olsen, J. (1998). The Danish Medical Birth Registry. Danish Medical Bulletin, 45, 320–323.
- Konstantareas, M. M., & Homatidis, S. (1987). Ear infections in autistic and normal children. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 17, 585–594. CrossRef
- Landa, R. J. (2008). Diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in the first 3 years of life. Nature Clinical Practice. Neurology, 4, 138–147. CrossRef
- Lauritsen, M. B., Jorgensen, M., Madsen, K. M., Lemcke, S., Toft, S., Grove, J., et al. (2010). Validity of childhood autism in the Danish Psychiatric Central Register: findings from a cohort sample born 1990–1999. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 40, 139–148. CrossRef
- Lauritsen, M. B., Mors, O., Mortensen, P. B., & Ewald, H. (2002). Medical disorders among inpatients with autism in Denmark according to ICD-8: a nationwide register-based study. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32, 115–119. CrossRef
- Mason-Brothers, A., Ritvo, R. E., Freeman, S. J., & Jorde, B. L. (1993). The UCLA-University of Utah epidemiology survey of autism: Recurrent infections. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2, 79–90. CrossRef
- Milne, E., Griffiths, H., Buckley, D., & Scope, A. (2009). Vision in children and adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder: evidence for reduced convergence. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39, 965–975. CrossRef
- MIng, X., Brimacombe, M., Chaaban, J., Zimmerman-Bier, B., & Wagner, G. C. (2008). Autism Spectrum Disorders: Concurrent Clinical Disorders. Journal of Child Neurology, 23, 6–13. CrossRef
- Munk-Jorgensen, P., & Mortensen, P. B. (1997). The Danish Psychiatric Central Register. Danish Medical Bulletin, 44, 82–84.
- Parner, E. T., Schendel, D. E., & Thorsen, P. (2008). Autism prevalence trends over time in Denmark: changes in prevalence and age at diagnosis. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 162, 1150–1156. CrossRef
- Pedersen, C. B., Gotzsche, H., Moller, J. O., & Mortensen, P. B. (2006). The Danish civil registration system. A cohort of eight million persons. Danish Medical Bulletin, 53, 441–449.
- Petersen, M. C., Kube, D. A., & Palmer, F. B. (2006). High Prevalence of Developmental Disabilities in Children Admitted to a General Pediatric Inpatient Unit. Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, 18, 307–318. CrossRef
- Petersen, M. C., Kube, D. A., Whitaker, T. M., Graff, J. C., & Palmer, F. B. (2009). Prevalence of developmental and behavioral disorders in a pediatric hospital. Pediatrics, 123, e490–e495. CrossRef
- Prevalence of autism spectrum disorders - Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, U. S. 2. (2009). MMWR Surveill Summ., 58, 1–20.
- Ritvo, E. R., Mason-Brothers, A., Freeman, B. J., Pingree, C., Jenson, W. R., McMahon, W. M., et al. (1990). The UCLA-University of Utah epidemiologic survey of autism: the etiologic role of rare diseases. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 1614–1621.
- Spence, S. J., & Schneider, M. T. (2009). The role of epilepsy and epileptiform EEGs in autism spectrum disorders. Pediatric Research, 65, 599–606. CrossRef
- Stata Statistical Software. (2007). (Version Release 10.0) [Computer software]. College Station, TX: Stata Corporation.
- Tripp, G., Luk, S. L., Schaughency, E. A., & Singh, R. (1999). DSM-IV and ICD-10: a comparison of the correlates of ADHD and hyperkinetic disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 156–164. CrossRef
- van den Heuvel, E., Starreveld, J. S., de Ru, M., Krauwer, V., & Versteegh, F. G. (2007). Somatic and psychiatric co-morbidity in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Acta Paediatrica, 96, 454–456. CrossRef
- Van Dyke, E. M. (2009). Autistic disorder: early interventions can improve outcomes. JAAPA, 22, 18–19.
- World Health Organization (1993). International classification of diseases, 10th revision.
- Patterns of Contact with Hospital for Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Danish Register-Based Study
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume 42, Issue 8 , pp 1717-1728
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Autistic disorder
- Hospital contact
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Public Health, Section of Epidemiology, University of Aarhus, Bartholin allé 2, 8000, Århus C, Aarhus, Denmark
- 2. National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
- 3. Regional Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov, Denmark
- 4. Perinatal Epidemiology Research Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark
- 5. Department of Public Health, Section of Biostatistics, University of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark