Are Autism Spectrum Conditions More Prevalent in an Information-Technology Region? A School-Based Study of Three Regions in the Netherlands
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We tested for differences in the prevalence of autism spectrum conditions (ASC) in school-aged children in three geographical regions in the Netherlands. Schools were asked to provide the number of children enrolled, the number having a clinical diagnosis of ASC and/or two control neurodevelopmental conditions. Prevalence was evaluated by negative binomial regression and adjustments were made for non-response and size of the schools. The prevalence estimates of ASC in Eindhoven was 229 per 10,000, significantly higher than in Haarlem (84 per 10,000) and Utrecht (57 per 10,000), whilst the prevalence for the control conditions were similar in all regions. Phase two is planned to validate school-reported cases using standardized diagnostic methods and to explore the possible causes for these differences.
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- Are Autism Spectrum Conditions More Prevalent in an Information-Technology Region? A School-Based Study of Three Regions in the Netherlands
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume 42, Issue 5 , pp 734-739
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
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- Autism spectrum conditions
- Regional differences
- Hyper-systemizing theory
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Autism Research Centre, Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Douglas House, 18b Trumpington Road, CB2 8AH, Cambridge, UK
- 2. Department of Life Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, UK
- 5. University Surgical Unit, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
- 3. Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Institute of Public Health, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
- 4. MRC Biostatistics Unit, Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, UK