Original Paper

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp 549-556

First online:

Food Variety as a Predictor of Nutritional Status Among Children with Autism

  • Michelle H. ZimmerAffiliated withDivision of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics MLC 4002, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center Email author 
  • , Laura C. HartAffiliated withUniversity of Cincinnati College of Medicine
  • , Patricia Manning-CourtneyAffiliated withDivision of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics MLC 4002, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
  • , Donna S. MurrayAffiliated withDivision of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics MLC 4002, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
  • , Nicole M. BingAffiliated withDivision of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics MLC 4002, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center
  • , Suzanne SummerAffiliated withDivision of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics MLC 4002, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Abstract

The frequency of selective eating and nutritional deficiency was studied among 22 children with autism and an age matched typically developing control group. Children with autism ate fewer foods on average than typically developing children. (33.5 vs. 54.5 foods, P < .001) As compared to typical controls, children with autism had a higher average intake of magnesium, and lower average intake of protein, calcium, vitamin B12, and vitamin D. Selective eaters were significantly more likely than typical controls to be at risk for at least one serious nutrient deficiency (P < .001).

Keywords

Autism Nutrition Feeding disorder Food Selectivity