Acoustic and Perceptual Measurement of Expressive Prosody in High-Functioning Autism: Increased Pitch Range and What it Means to Listeners
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Are there consistent markers of atypical prosody in speakers with high functioning autism (HFA) compared to typically-developing speakers? We examined: (1) acoustic measurements of pitch range, mean pitch and speech rate in conversation, (2) perceptual ratings of conversation for these features and overall prosody, and (3) acoustic measurements of speech from a structured task. Increased pitch range was found in speakers with HFA during both conversation and structured communication. In global ratings listeners rated speakers with HFA as having atypical prosody. Although the HFA group demonstrated increased acoustic pitch range, listeners did not rate speakers with HFA as having increased pitch variation. We suggest that the quality of pitch variation used by speakers with HFA was non-conventional and thus not registered as such by listeners.
- American Psychiatric Association. (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.
- Asperger, H. (1944). Die “autistischen psychopathen” im kindesalter. Archive fur Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 117, 76–136. CrossRef
- Boersma, P., & Weenink, D. (2008). Praat: doing phonetics by computer (Version 5.0.26) [Computer program]. Retrieved June 16, 2008, from http://www.praat.org/.
- Bonneh, Y. S., Levanon, Y., Dean-Pardo, O., Lossos, L., & Adini, Y. (2011). Abnormal speech spectrum and increased pitch variability in young autistic children. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 5.
- Diehl, J. J., Watson, D., Bennetto, L., McDonough, J., & Gunlogson, C. (2009). An acoustic analysis of prosody in high-functioning autism. Applied Psycholinguistics, 30, 385–404. CrossRef
- Edelson, L., Grossman, R., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2007). Emotional prosody in children and adolescents with autism. Poster session presented at the annual international meeting for Autism Research, Seattle, WA.
- Fosnot, S. M., & Jun, S. (1999). Prosodic characteristics in children with stuttering or autism during reading and imitation. Paper presented at the 14th international congress of phonetic sciences.
- Green, H., & Tobin, Y. (2009). Prosodic analysis is difficult … but worth it: A study in high functioning autism. International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 11(4), 308–315. CrossRef
- Grossman, R., Bemis, R., Skwerer, D., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2010). Lexical and affective prosody in children with high-functioning autism. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 53, 778–793. CrossRef
- Kanner, L. (1943). Autistic disturbances of affective contact. Nervous Child, 2, 217–250.
- Lord, C., Rutter, M., DiLavore, P. C., & Risi, S. (1999). Autism diagnostic observation schedule. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
- McCann, J., & Peppé, S. (2003). Prosody in autism spectrum disorders: a critical review. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 38, 325–350. CrossRef
- McCann, J., Peppé, S., Gibbon, F. E., O’Hare, A., & Rutherford, M. (2007). Prosody and its relationship to language in school-aged children with high-functioning autism. International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 42, 682–702. CrossRef
- Paul, R., Augustyn, A., Klin, A., & Volkmar, F. R. (2005a). Perception and production of prosody by speakers with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 205–220. CrossRef
- Paul, R., Shriberg, L. D., McSweeny, J. L., Cicchetti, D., Klin, A., & Volkmar, F. (2005b). Brief report: Relations between prosodic performance and communication and socialization ratings in high functioning speakers with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 861–869. CrossRef
- Rice, M. L., Warren, S. F., & Betz, S. K. (2005). Language symptoms of developmental language disorders: An overview of autism, Down syndrome, fragile X, specific language impairment, and Williams syndrome. Applied Psycholinguistics, 26, 7–27.
- Rockwell, P. (2000). Lower, slower, louder: Vocal cues of sarcasm. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 29, 483–495. CrossRef
- Rutter, M., Bailey, A., Berument, S. K., Lord, C., & Pickles, A. (2003a). Social communication questionnaire (SCQ). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.
- Rutter, M., LeCouteur, A., & Lord, C. (2003b). Autism diagnostic interview-revised. Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.
- Schreibman, L., Kohlenberg, B. S., & Britten, K. R. (1986). Differential responding to content and intonation components of a complex auditory stimulus by nonverbal and echolalic autistic children. Analysis and Intervention in Developmental Disabilities, 6(1–2), 109–125. doi:10.1016/0270-4684(86)90009-1. CrossRef
- Semel, E., Wiig, E., & Secord, W. (2003). Clinical evaluation of language fundamentals (4th ed.). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
- Sharda, M., Subhadra, T. P., Sahay, S., Nagaraja, C., Singh, L., Mishra, R., et al. (2010). Sounds of melody—pitch pattrns of speech in autism. Neuroscience Letters, 478(1), 42–45. doi:10.1016/j.neulet.2010.04.066. CrossRef
- Shriberg, L. D., Kwiatkowski, J., & Rasmussen, C. (1990). The prosody_voice screening profile. Tucson, AZ: Communication Skill Builders.
- Shriberg, L. D., Paul, R., McSweeny, J. L., Klin, A., Cohen, D. J., & Volkmar, F. R. (2001). Speech and prosody characteristics of adolescents and adults with high-functioning autism and Asperger syndrome. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 44, 1097–1115. CrossRef
- Siegal, M., & Blades, M. (2003). Language and auditory processing in autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 7(9), 378–380. CrossRef
- Simmons, J. Q., & Baltaxe, C. (1975). Language patterns of adolescent autistics. Journal of Autism and Childhood Schizophrenia, 5, 333–351. CrossRef
- Sturm, J. A., & Seery, C. H. (2007). Speech and articulatory rates of school-age children in conversation and narrative context. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 38, 47–59. CrossRef
- Van Bourgondien, M., & Woods, A. (1992). Vocational possibilities for high-functioning adults with autism. In E. Schopler & G. Meisbov (Eds.), High-functioning individuals with autism (pp. 227–242). New York: Plenum Press.
- Van Lancker, D., Cornelius, C., & Kreiman, J. (1989). Recognition of emotional-prosodic meanings in speech by autistic, schizophrenic, and normal children. Developmental Neuropsychology, 5(2), 207–226. CrossRef
- Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler abbreviated scales of intellegence (WASI). San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation/Harcourt Assessment.
- Whiteside, S. P., & Hodgson, C. (2000). Some acoustic characteristics in the voices of 6- to 10-year-old children and adults: A comparative sex and developmental perspective. Logopedics Phoniatrics Vocology, 25, 122–132. CrossRef
- Acoustic and Perceptual Measurement of Expressive Prosody in High-Functioning Autism: Increased Pitch Range and What it Means to Listeners
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume 42, Issue 4 , pp 499-511
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- High-functioning autism
- Expressive prosody
- Acoustic measurements
- Pitch variability
- Perceptual judgments
- Industry Sectors