Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 41, Issue 11, pp 1496–1506

A Pilot Study Examining Activity Participation, Sensory Responsiveness, and Competence in Children with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Stacey Reynolds
  • Roxanna M. Bendixen
  • Tami Lawrence
  • Shelly J. Lane
Original paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-010-1173-x

Cite this article as:
Reynolds, S., Bendixen, R.M., Lawrence, T. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2011) 41: 1496. doi:10.1007/s10803-010-1173-x

Abstract

This pilot study explored activity patterns in children with and without ASD and examined the role of sensory responsiveness in determining children’s level of competence in activity performance. Twenty-six children with high functioning ASD and twenty-six typically-developing children 6–12 years old were assessed using the Sensory Profile and the Child Behavior Checklist. Results reflect differences in the types of activities and jobs/chores engaged in by children with ASD compared to children without ASD. Significant differences were seen in overall level of competence in activities, social, and school performance. Children demonstrating more frequent Sensory Sensitivity and Sensory Avoiding had significantly lower competence scores than children with fewer behaviors in these domains, suggesting that sensory responsiveness may impact the ability to participate successfully.

Keywords

Autism Sensory processing Sensory responsiveness Participation Competence Occupational therapy 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stacey Reynolds
    • 1
  • Roxanna M. Bendixen
    • 2
  • Tami Lawrence
    • 3
  • Shelly J. Lane
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Occupational TherapyVirginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Department of Occupational TherapyUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  3. 3.Division of Occupational TherapyMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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