Original Paper

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 41, Issue 10, pp 1330-1341

First online:

Effects of a Family-Implemented Treatment on the Repetitive Behaviors of Children with Autism

  • Brian A. BoydAffiliated withDivision of Occupational Science, Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Email author 
  • , Stephen G. McDonoughAffiliated withFPG Child Development Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • , Betty RuppAffiliated withCarolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • , Faraaz KhanAffiliated withDivision of Occupational Science, Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • , James W. BodfishAffiliated withCarolina Institute for Developmental Disabilities, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

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Abstract

The restricted and repetitive behaviors of children with autism can interfere with family functioning as well as learning and socialization opportunities for the child. To date, neither pharmacological nor comprehensive behavioral treatments have been found to be consistently effective at significantly reducing children’s engagement in repetitive behaviors. We developed Family-Implemented Treatment for Behavioral Inflexibility (FITBI) to target the full variety of repetitive behaviors found in autism. For the current study, a therapist and parents of five children with autism (mean age = 48 months) co-implemented FITBI in a clinic setting over a 12-week treatment period. Using single case design methodology, significant reductions in repetitive behaviors were found for all participants and maintenance of treatment effects for 4 of 5 participants.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorders Repetitive behaviors Treatment