Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 41, Issue 8, pp 1125–1130

Brief Report: Autistic-Like Traits in Childhood Predict Later Age at Menarche in Girls

  • Andrew J. O. Whitehouse
  • Murray T. Maybery
  • Martha Hickey
  • Deborah M. Sloboda
Brief Report

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-010-1129-1

Cite this article as:
Whitehouse, A.J.O., Maybery, M.T., Hickey, M. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2011) 41: 1125. doi:10.1007/s10803-010-1129-1

Abstract

We investigated the relationship between autistic-like traits in early childhood and age at menarche in typically developing girls. Autistic-like symptoms were measured at age 2 years using the Child Behaviour Checklist, and age at menarche (AAM) was determined prospectively using self-report questionnaires at age 8, 10, 14 and 17 years. Girls with ‘high’ autistic-like symptoms at age 2 years demonstrated significantly later AAM (n = 70; M = 13.07 years; SD = 1 year) than girls reported to show ‘typical’ (n = 216; M = 12.72 years; SD = 1.1) or ‘low’ (n = 47; M = 12.66 years; SD = 1.13 years) levels of these behaviors. These data further establish a link between the autism phenotype and later AAM and may provide insights into the etiology of the condition.

Keywords

Autism spectrum disorderMenarcheTestosteroneRaine studyChild behavior checklist

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew J. O. Whitehouse
    • 1
    • 2
  • Murray T. Maybery
    • 2
  • Martha Hickey
    • 3
  • Deborah M. Sloboda
    • 4
  1. 1.Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health ResearchUniversity of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  2. 2.Neurocognitive Development Unit, School of PsychologyUniversity of Western AustraliaPerthAustralia
  3. 3.Department of Obstetrics and GynaecologyUniversity of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  4. 4.The Liggins Institute and the National Research Centre for Growth and DevelopmentThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand