Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 40, Issue 11, pp 1371–1377

Memory Awareness for Faces in Individuals with Autism

  • Desirée A. Wilkinson
  • Catherine A. Best
  • Nancy J. Minshew
  • Mark S. Strauss
Original paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-010-0995-x

Cite this article as:
Wilkinson, D.A., Best, C.A., Minshew, N.J. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2010) 40: 1371. doi:10.1007/s10803-010-0995-x

Abstract

Little is known regarding metacognition in individuals with autism. Specifically, it is unclear how individuals with autism think about their own mental states. The current study assessed memory awareness during a facial recognition task. High-functioning children (M = 13.1 years, n = 18) and adults (M = 27.5 years, n = 16) with autism matched with typically developing children (M = 14.3 years, n = 13) and adults (M = 26.9 years, n = 15) were tested. Children with autism demonstrated less accurate memory awareness for faces and less reliable differentiation between their confidence ratings compared to typically developing children. Subtle impairments in memory awareness for faces were also evident in adults with autism. Results indicate that broader metacognitive deficits may exist in individuals with autism, possibly contributing to other known impairments.

Keywords

AutismFace recognitionMemory awarenessTheory of mindMetacognition

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Desirée A. Wilkinson
    • 1
  • Catherine A. Best
    • 1
  • Nancy J. Minshew
    • 2
  • Mark S. Strauss
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA