Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 40, Issue 10, pp 1227–1240

Motor Coordination in Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Synthesis and Meta-Analysis

  • Kimberly A. Fournier
  • Chris J. Hass
  • Sagar K. Naik
  • Neha Lodha
  • James H. Cauraugh
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-010-0981-3

Cite this article as:
Fournier, K.A., Hass, C.J., Naik, S.K. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2010) 40: 1227. doi:10.1007/s10803-010-0981-3

Abstract

Are motor coordination deficits an underlying cardinal feature of Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)? Database searches identified 83 ASD studies focused on motor coordination, arm movements, gait, or postural stability deficits. Data extraction involved between-group comparisons for ASD and typically developing controls (N = 51). Rigorous meta-analysis techniques including random effects models, forest and funnel plots, I2, publication bias, fail-safe analysis, and moderator variable analyses determined a significant standardized mean difference effect equal to 1.20 (SE = 0.144; p < 0.0001; Z = 10.49). This large effect indicated substantial motor coordination deficits in the ASD groups across a wide range of behaviors. The current overall findings portray motor coordination deficits as pervasive across diagnoses, thus, a cardinal feature of ASD.

Keywords

ASDMotor coordination and impairmentsMeta-analysis

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kimberly A. Fournier
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chris J. Hass
    • 1
  • Sagar K. Naik
    • 1
  • Neha Lodha
    • 1
  • James H. Cauraugh
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Applied Physiology and Kinesiology DepartmentUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Health and KinesiologyUniversity of Texas–Pan AmericanEdinburgUSA
  3. 3.Motor Behavior Laboratory, Center for Exercise ScienceUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA