Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 40, Issue 9, pp 1080–1093

Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders Associated with Asperger Syndrome/High-functioning Autism: A Community- and Clinic-based Study

Authors

    • Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of OuluUniversity of Oulu
  • Tuula Hurtig
    • Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of OuluUniversity of Oulu
    • Institute of Health SciencesUniversity of Oulu
  • Helena Haapsamo
    • Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of OuluUniversity of Oulu
  • Katja Jussila
    • Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of OuluUniversity of Oulu
  • Sanna Kuusikko-Gauffin
    • Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of OuluUniversity of Oulu
  • Marko Kielinen
    • Department of Educational Sciences and Teacher EducationUniversity of Oulu
  • Sirkka-Liisa Linna
    • Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of OuluUniversity of Oulu
    • Institute of Health SciencesUniversity of Oulu
  • Hanna Ebeling
    • Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of OuluUniversity of Oulu
  • Risto Bloigu
    • Medical Informatics GroupUniversity of Oulu
  • Leena Joskitt
    • Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of OuluUniversity of Oulu
  • David L. Pauls
    • Psychiatric and Neurodevelopmental Genetics Unit, Center for Human Genetic Research, Massachusetts General HospitalHarvard Medical School
  • Irma Moilanen
    • Clinic of Child Psychiatry, University Hospital of OuluUniversity of Oulu
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-010-0958-2

Cite this article as:
Mattila, M., Hurtig, T., Haapsamo, H. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2010) 40: 1080. doi:10.1007/s10803-010-0958-2

Abstract

The present study identifies the prevalence and types of comorbid psychiatric disorders associated with Asperger syndrome (AS)/high-functioning autism (HFA) in a combined community- and clinic-based sample of fifty 9- to 16-year-old subjects using the Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children, Present and Lifetime Version. The level of functioning was estimated using the Children’s Global Assessment Scale. The results support common (prevalence 74%) and often multiple comorbid psychiatric disorders in AS/HFA; behavioral disorders were shown in 44%, anxiety disorders in 42% and tic disorders in 26%. Oppositional defiant disorder, major depressive disorder and anxiety disorders as comorbid conditions indicated significantly lower levels of functioning. To target interventions, routine evaluation of psychiatric comorbidity in subjects with AS/HFA is emphasized.

Keywords

ComorbidityCGASAsperger syndromeAutismPervasive developmental disordersAutism spectrum disorders

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010