Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 40, Issue 6, pp 665–676

Early Interests and Joint Engagement in Typical Development, Autism, and Down Syndrome

Authors

    • Department of PsychologyGeorgia State University
  • Deborah F. Deckner
    • Department of PsychologyGeorgia State University
    • Department of PsychologyClayton State University
  • Roger Bakeman
    • Department of PsychologyGeorgia State University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-009-0914-1

Cite this article as:
Adamson, L.B., Deckner, D.F. & Bakeman, R. J Autism Dev Disord (2010) 40: 665. doi:10.1007/s10803-009-0914-1
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Abstract

This study examines how spontaneous interests in people and in objects relate to joint engagement in typically developing toddlers and young children with autism or Down syndrome. Ratings of interests were made repeatedly during intermissions in a laboratory-based protocol focused on caregiver-child interactions. Interests were moderated by diagnosis and relatively stable across intermissions. In autism, interest in people tended to be low and to decline rapidly, and the balance of interests favored familiar objects over people. Lower interest in people and in unfamiliar objects was associated with less coordinated joint engagement and with less steep developmental trajectories for symbol-infused joint engagement. These findings suggest that variations in interests may contribute to differences in the child’s engagement during social interactions that facilitate the acquisition of language.

Keywords

InterestsParent–child interactionAutismDown syndromeJoint attentionCommunication development

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009