Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Comparison of Chinese and Western Culture (Part A)
- V. C. N. Wong
- … show all 1 hide
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
A cross-sectional survey of the use of CAM by children was undertaken in the Duchess of Kent Children’s Hospital in Hong Kong (March–December 2006). A questionnaire survey concerning the use of CAM was administered to chief caretakers (only the mothers) who accompanied children with neurodevelopmental disabilities followed up in our Neurodevelopmental paediatrics clinics. Four hundred and thirty agreed for interview of which 98 (22.8%) had Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). CAM was used in 40.8% for ASD and 21.4% of non-ASD (p < 0.001). We describe the profile of use of CAM in ASD in this part A paper. The three most common type of CAM use was Acupuncture (47.5%), Sensory Integration (42.5%), and Chinese Medicine (30%). About 76.9% of interviewees expected CAM to augment conventional treatment. Although 47.5% used both conventional western medicine and CAM, only 22.4% disclosed the use of CAM to Doctors. The following factors were significantly related to CAM use: father’s job and mother’s religion. Our frequency of CAM used in children with ASD was lower in Canada (52%) and USA (74%, 92%). The main CAM use in western culture was biological-based therapy whereas acupuncture was the most common CAM used in our locality.
- Adler, S. R., & Fosket, J. R. (1999). Disclosing complementary and alternative medicine use in the medical encounter: A qualitative study in women with breast cancer. The Journal of Family Practice, 48(6), 453–458.
- American Academy of Pediatrics. (2001). American academy of pediatrics: Counseling families who choose complementary and alternative medicine for their child with chronic illness or disability Committee on children with disabilities. Pediatrics, 107, 598–601. CrossRef
- Armishaw, J., & Grant, C. C. (1999). Use of complementary treatment by those hospitalised with acute illness. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 81(2), 133–137. CrossRef
- Cohen, M. H., & Kemper, K. J. (2005). Complementary therapies in pediatrics: A legal perspective. Pediatrics, 115(3), 774–780. doi:10.1542/peds.2004-1093. CrossRef
- Crawford, N. W., Cincotta, D. R., Lim, A., & Powell, C. V. (2006). A cross-sectional survey of complementary and alternative medicine use by children and adolescents attending the University Hospital of Wales. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 6, 16. CrossRef
- Davis, M. P., & Darden, P. M. (2003). Use of complementary and alternative medicine by children in the United States. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 157(4), 393–396. doi:10.1001/archpedi.157.4.393. CrossRef
- Eisenberg, D. M., Kessler, R. C., Foster, C., Norlock, F. E., Calkins, D. R., & Delbanco, T. L. (1993). Unconventional medicine in the United States. Prevalence, costs, and patterns of use. The New England Journal of Medicine, 328(4), 246–252. doi:10.1056/NEJM199301283280406. CrossRef
- Ernst, E. (1999). Prevalence of complementary/alternative medicine for children: A systematic review. European Journal of Pediatrics, 158(1), 7–11. doi:10.1007/s004310051000. CrossRef
- Ernst, E. (2003). Serious adverse effects of unconventional therapies for children and adolescents: A systematic review of recent evidence. European Journal of Pediatrics, 162(2), 72–80.
- Fong, D. P., & Fong, L. K. (2002). Usage of complementary medicine among children. Australian Family Physician, 31(4), 388–391.
- Golden, G. S. (1980). Nonstandard therapies in the developmental disabilities. American Journal of Diseases of Children, 134(5), 487–491.
- Hanson, E., Kalish, L. A., Bunce, E., Curtis, C., McDaniel, S., Ware, J., et al. (2007). Use of complementary and alternative medicine among children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37(4), 628–636. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0192-0. CrossRef
- Harrington, J. W., Rosen, L., Garnecho, A., & Patrick, P. A. (2006). Parental perceptions and use of complementary and alternative medicine practices for children with autistic spectrum disorders in private practice. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 27(2 Suppl), S156–S161. doi:10.1097/00004703-200604002-00014. CrossRef
- Levy, S. E., Mandell, D. S., Merhar, S., Ittenbach, R. F., & Pinto-Martin, J. A. (2003). Use of complementary and alternative medicine among children recently diagnosed with autistic spectrum disorder. Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 24(6), 418–423. doi:10.1097/00004703-200312000-00003. CrossRef
- Lim, A., Cranswick, N., Skull, S., & South, M. (2005). Survey of complementary and alternative medicine use at a tertiary children’s hospital. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 41(8), 424–427. doi:10.1111/j.1440-1754.2005.00659.x. CrossRef
- Madsen, H., Andersen, S., Nielsen, R. G., Dolmer, B. S., Host, A., & Damkier, A. (2003). Use of complementary/alternative medicine among paediatric patients. European Journal of Pediatrics, 162(5), 334–341.
- Manheimer, E., & Berman, B. (2006). Cochrane Complementary Medicine Field. About The Cochrane Collaboration (Fields), Issue 1. Art. No.: CE000052.
- National Center for Complementary Alternative Medicine. (2004). What is complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). National center for complementary and alternative medicine [Online]. (http://www.nccam.nih.gov/health/whatiscam). Accessed 16 April 2008.
- Nickel, R. E. (1996). Controversial therapies for young children with developmental disabilities. Infants and Young Children, 8, 29–40. CrossRef
- Ottolini, M. C., Hamburger, E. K., Loprieato, J. O., Coleman, R. H., Sachs, H. C., Madden, R., et al. (2001). Complementary and alternative medicine use among children in the Washington, DC area. Ambulatory Pediatrics, 1(2), 122–125. doi :10.1367/1539-4409(2001)001<0122:CAAMUA>2.0.CO;2.
- Pitetti, R., Singh, S., Hornyak, D., Garcia, S. E., & Herr, S. (2001). Complementary and alternative medicine use in children. Pediatric Emergency Care, 17(3), 165–169. doi:10.1097/00006565-200106000-00004. CrossRef
- Sanders, H., Davis, M. F., Duncan, B., Meaney, F. J., Haynes, J., & Barton, L. L. (2003). Use of complementary and alternative medical therapies among children with special health care needs in southern Arizona. Pediatrics, 111(3), 584–587. doi:10.1542/peds.111.3.584. CrossRef
- Sawni-Sikand, A., Schubiner, H., & Thomas, R. L. (2002). Use of complementary/alternative therapies among children in primary care pediatrics. Ambulatory Pediatrics, 2(2), 99–103. doi :10.1367/1539-4409(2002)002<0099:UOCATA>2.0.CO;2.
- Sibinga, E. M., Ottolini, M. C., Duggan, A. K., & Wilson, M. H. (2004). Parent–pediatrician communication about complementary and alternative medicine use for children. Clinical Pediatrics, 43(4), 367–373. doi:10.1177/000992280404300408. CrossRef
- Sikand, A., & Laken, M. (1998). Pediatricians' experience with and attitudes toward complementary/alternative medicine. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 152(11), 1059–1064.
- Spigelblatt, L., Laine-Ammara, G., Pless, I. B., & Guyver, A. (1994). The use of alternative medicine by children. Pediatrics, 94(6 Pt 1), 811–814.
- Wong, H. H., & Smith, R. G. (2006). Patterns of complementary and alternative medical therapy use in children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Autism and Development Disorders, 36(7), 901–909. CrossRef
- Wong, V. C. N., & Hui, S. L. (2007). Epidemiological study of autism spectrum disorder in China. Journal of Child Neurology, 23(1), 62–72. CrossRef
- Wong, V. C. N., & Hui, S. L. (2008). Brief report: Emerging services for children with autistic spectrum disorders in Hong Kong (1960–2004). Journal of Autism and Development Disorders, 38(2), 383–389. CrossRef
- Wong, V. C. N., Sun, J. G., & Wong, W. (2000, 13–15 November). Randomized control trial of using tongue acupuncture in children with autistic spectrum disorder. 5th World Conference on Acupuncture (WFAS), Seoul, Korea.
- Wong, V. C. N., Sun, J. G., & Wong, W. (2001, 17–22 June). Randomized control trial of using tongue acupuncture in children with autistic spectrum disorder. 17th World Congress of Neurology, London, United Kingdom. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 187(supp 1), S329–S330.
- Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD): Comparison of Chinese and Western Culture (Part A)
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume 39, Issue 3 , pp 454-463
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)
- Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)
- Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
- Industry Sectors
- V. C. N. Wong (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division of Child Neurology/Developmental Paediatrics/Neurohabilitation, Department of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China