Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 1–11

A Meta-Analysis of Sensory Modulation Symptoms in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders


    • Department of Occupational TherapyHaifa University
  • Liat Hen
    • Department of Occupational TherapyHaifa University
  • Ronen Fluss
    • Department of Health Services ResearchMinistry of Health
  • Sharon A. Cermak
    • Occupational Therapy and Rehabilitation Counseling Department, Sargent College of Health and Rehabilitation SciencesBoston University
  • Batya Engel-Yeger
    • Department of Occupational TherapyHaifa University
  • Eynat Gal
    • Department of Occupational TherapyHaifa University
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-008-0593-3

Cite this article as:
Ben-Sasson, A., Hen, L., Fluss, R. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2009) 39: 1. doi:10.1007/s10803-008-0593-3


Sensory modulation symptoms are common in persons with autism spectrum disorders (ASD); however have a heterogeneous presentation. Results from 14 studies indicated a significant high difference between ASD and typical groups in the presence/frequency of sensory symptoms, with the greatest difference in under-responsivity, followed by over-responsivity and sensation seeking. Three moderators that reduced the variability in findings among studies were: chronological age, severity of autism, and type of control group. Sensory differences were highest for studies of children ages 6–9 years, samples with more than 80% with an autism diagnosis, and compared to a CA matched versus a MA or DD matched group. It is important to consider these moderators in the design of studies and interventions addressing sensory symptoms.


Sensory modulationSensory processingSensory profileAutism spectrum disordersMeta analysisPervasive developmental disorders

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008