Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 38, Issue 10, pp 1982–1988

Brief Report: Narratives of Personal Events in Children with Autism and Developmental Language Disorders: Unshared Memories

Brief Report

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-008-0588-0

Cite this article as:
Goldman, S. J Autism Dev Disord (2008) 38: 1982. doi:10.1007/s10803-008-0588-0
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Abstract

Narrative analysis of personal events provides an opportunity for identifying autism specific issues related to language and social impairments. Eight personal events were elicited from three groups of schoolage children: 14 high-functioning with Autism Spectrum Disorders (HFA), 12 non-autistic with developmental language disorders (DLD), and 12 typically developing matched for chronological age and non-verbal IQ. The coding focused on narrative format (constituents) and style (coherence). The analyses indicate basic knowledge of conventional narrative format in all groups but a consistent lack of high-point in HFA children’s stories interpreted as a consequence of their lack of social understanding of narrative. The results suggest novel interventions to foster autobiographical memory in HFA children which may assist in their self-awareness development.

Keywords

Autism Language disorders Narratives Personal stories Schoolage children 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology Program, Graduate CenterThe City Univeristy of New YorkNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Saul R. Korey Department of Neurology and Rose F Kennedy Center for Research in Mental Retardation and Human DevelopmentAlbert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA

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