Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 38, Issue 9, pp 1676–1688

The Prevalence and Incidence of Mental Ill-Health in Adults with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities

  • Craig A. Melville
  • Sally-Ann Cooper
  • Jill Morrison
  • Elita Smiley
  • Linda Allan
  • Alison Jackson
  • Janet Finlayson
  • Dipali Mantry
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-008-0549-7

Cite this article as:
Melville, C.A., Cooper, SA., Morrison, J. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2008) 38: 1676. doi:10.1007/s10803-008-0549-7

Abstract

The prevalence, and incidence, of mental ill-health in adults with intellectual disabilities and autism were compared with the whole population with intellectual disabilities, and with controls, matched individually for age, gender, ability-level, and Down syndrome. Although the adults with autism had a higher point prevalence of problem behaviours compared with the whole adult population with intellectual disabilities, compared with individually matched controls there was no difference in prevalence, or incidence of either problem behaviours or other mental ill-health. Adults with autism who had problem behaviours were less likely to recover over a two-year period than were their matched controls. Apparent differences in rates of mental ill-health are accounted for by factors other than autism, including Down syndrome and ability level.

Keywords

Intellectual disabilities Autism Mental ill-health Psychiatry Epidemiology Psychiatric classification 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Craig A. Melville
    • 1
  • Sally-Ann Cooper
    • 1
  • Jill Morrison
    • 2
  • Elita Smiley
    • 1
  • Linda Allan
    • 1
  • Alison Jackson
    • 1
  • Janet Finlayson
    • 1
  • Dipali Mantry
    • 3
  1. 1.Section of Psychological Medicine, Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Academic Centre, Gartnavel Royal HospitalUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  2. 2.Section of General Practice and Primary Care, Division of Community Based Sciences, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  3. 3.NHS Greater Glasgow and ClydeGlasgowUK

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