Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 37, Issue 9, pp 1748–1760

Social Approach and Autistic Behavior in Children with Fragile X Syndrome

  • Jane E. Roberts
  • Leigh Anne H. Weisenfeld
  • Deborah D. Hatton
  • Morgan Heath
  • Walter E. Kaufmann
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-006-0305-9

Cite this article as:
Roberts, J.E., Weisenfeld, L.A.H., Hatton, D.D. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2007) 37: 1748. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0305-9

Abstract

Social avoidance is a core phenotypic characteristic of fragile X syndrome (FXS) that has critical cognitive and social consequences. However, no study has examined modulation of multiple social avoidant behaviors in children with FXS. In the current study, we introduce the Social Approach Scale (SAS), an observation scale that includes physical movement, facial expression, and eye contact approach behaviors collected across multiple time points. Our findings suggested that social approach behaviors in children with FXS were affected by age, gender, setting, and time spent with an examiner. Selected social approach behaviors were related to autistic behavior. Increased eye contact over the course of a research assessment, in particular, was found to be a strong predictor of lower autistic behavior.

Keywords

Fragile XAutismSocial approach

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jane E. Roberts
    • 1
  • Leigh Anne H. Weisenfeld
    • 1
  • Deborah D. Hatton
    • 1
  • Morgan Heath
    • 1
  • Walter E. Kaufmann
    • 2
  1. 1.FPG Child Development InstituteUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillCarrboroUSA
  2. 2.Center for Genetic Disorders of Cognition & BehaviorKennedy Krieger Institute and Johns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA