Social Communication Profiles of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Late in the Second Year of Life

  • Amy M. Wetherby
  • Nola Watt
  • Lindee Morgan
  • Stacy Shumway
ORIGINAL PAPER

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-006-0237-4

Cite this article as:
Wetherby, A., Watt, N., Morgan, L. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2007) 37: 960. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0237-4

Abstract

This study examined social communication profiles from behavior samples videotaped between 18 and 24 months of age in three groups of children: 50 with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), 23 with developmental delays (DD), and 50 with typical development (TD). The ASD group scored significantly lower than the DD group on 5 social communication measures and the TD group on all 14 measures, indicating distinct profiles late in the second year. Understanding was the strongest predictor of developmental level and behavior regulation and inventory of gestures were the strongest predictors of autism symptoms at 3 years of age. The predictive relations suggest five pivotal skills late in the second year that have a cascading effect on outcomes of children with ASD.

Keywords

Autism ASD Social communication Early identification Joint attention 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy M. Wetherby
    • 1
  • Nola Watt
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lindee Morgan
    • 1
  • Stacy Shumway
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Communication DisordersFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Discipline of Speech Pathology and AudiologySchool of Human and Community Development, University of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa
  3. 3.Pediatrics and Developmental Neuropsychiatry BranchNational Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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