Social and Communication Abilities and Disabilities in Higher Functioning Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Vineland and the ADOS
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The relationship between adaptive functioning (ability) and autism symptomatology (disability) remains unclear, especially for higher functioning individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study investigates ability and disability using the Vineland and Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS), respectively, in two clinical samples of children with ASD. Participants included 187 males with VIQ > 70. Vineland scores were substantially below VIQ, highlighting the magnitude of adaptive impairments despite cognitive potential. A weak relationship was found between ability and disability. Negative relationships were found between age and Vineland scores and no relationships were found between age and ADOS scores. Positive relationships were found between IQ and Vineland Communication. Results stress the need for longitudinal studies on ability and disability in ASD and emphasize the importance of adaptive skills intervention.
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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume 37, Issue 4 , pp 748-759
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- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
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- Adaptive functioning
- Social disability
- Autism spectrum disorders
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Yale Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, 230 South Frontage Road, P.O. Box 207900, New Haven, CT, 06520-7900, USA
- 2. Autism and Communication Disorders Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA