Original paper

Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 36, Issue 7, pp 849-861

First online:

Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders in Children with Autism: Interview Development and Rates of Disorders

  • Ovsanna T. LeyferAffiliated withDepartment of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Louisville
  • , Susan E. FolsteinAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins University
  • , Susan BacalmanAffiliated withMIND Institute, University of California Davis
  • , Naomi O. DavisAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of MassachusettsDepartment of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine
  • , Elena DinhAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Utah School of Medicine
  • , Jubel MorganAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Utah School of Medicine
  • , Helen Tager-FlusbergAffiliated withDepartment of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Boston University School of Medicine
  • , Janet E. LainhartAffiliated withDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Utah School of MedicineUtah Autism Research Program Email author 

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Abstract

The Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia was modified for use in children and adolescents with autism by developing additional screening questions and coding options that reflect the presentation of psychiatric disorders in autism spectrum disorders. The modified instrument, the Autism Comorbidity Interview-Present and Lifetime Version (ACI-PL), was piloted and frequently diagnosed disorders, depression, ADHD, and OCD, were tested for reliability and validity. The ACI-PL provides reliable DSM diagnoses that are valid based on clinical psychiatric diagnosis and treatment history. The sample demonstrated a high prevalence of specific phobia, obsessive compulsive disorder, and ADHD. The rates of psychiatric disorder in autism are high and are associated with functional impairment.

Keywords

Psychopathology Autism Psychiatric interview Comorbidity