Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 623–636

Introducing MASC: A Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition

  • Isabel Dziobek
  • Stefan Fleck
  • Elke Kalbe
  • Kimberley Rogers
  • Jason Hassenstab
  • Matthias Brand
  • Josef Kessler
  • Jan K. Woike
  • Oliver T. Wolf
  • Antonio Convit
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-006-0107-0

Cite this article as:
Dziobek, I., Fleck, S., Kalbe, E. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2006) 36: 623. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0107-0

Abstract

In the present study we introduce a sensitive video-based test for the evaluation of subtle mindreading difficulties: the Movie for the Assessment of Social Cognition (MASC). This new mindreading tool involves watching a short film and answering questions referring to the actors’ mental states. A group of adults with Asperger syndrome (n = 19) and well-matched control subjects (n = 20) were administered the MASC and three other mindreading tools as part of a broader neuropsychological testing session. Compared to control subjects, Asperger individuals exhibited marked and selective difficulties in social cognition. A Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis for the mindreading tests identified the MASC as discriminating the diagnostic groups most accurately. Issues pertaining to the multidimensionality of the social cognition construct are discussed.

Keywords

Asperger syndromeTheory of MindMindreadingNaturalistic test formatsEmotion recognition

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabel Dziobek
    • 1
    • 3
  • Stefan Fleck
    • 4
  • Elke Kalbe
    • 2
  • Kimberley Rogers
    • 6
  • Jason Hassenstab
    • 1
  • Matthias Brand
    • 5
  • Josef Kessler
    • 2
  • Jan K. Woike
    • 7
  • Oliver T. Wolf
    • 3
  • Antonio Convit
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Brain HealthNew York University School of MedicineNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurologyUniversity Clinic CologneCologneGermany
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of BielefeldBielefeldGermany
  4. 4.Department of Neuroscience and RehabilitationUniversity of CologneCologneGermany
  5. 5.Department of Physiological PsychologyUniversity of BielefeldBielefeldGermany
  6. 6.Department of Psychology at the Graduate Center of CityUniversity of New York (CUNY)New YorkUSA
  7. 7.Department of Psychological MethodologyRuhr-University of BochumBochumGermany