, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 607-611
Date: 12 Apr 2006

An MRI Study of Minor Physical Anomalies in Autism

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Abstract

The objective of this investigation was to examine the existence of minor physical anomalies (MPA) in autism. The interorbital and interlens distances were measured on MRI scans obtained from a sample of 40 non-mentally retarded individuals with autism and 41 healthy controls. No differences were observed between the two groups on any measurements. However, when the analysis was conducted using a split median procedure, individuals with autism and either low FSIQ, PIQ, or VIQ had shorter interorbital distances when compared to controls. Hypotelorism is a MPA that may be present in a subgroup of individuals with autism. Additional research is warranted using large sample sizes with a wide range of intellectual functioning.