Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 541–552

Adaptive and Maladaptive Behavior in Children with Smith-Magenis Syndrome

  • Staci C. Martin
  • Pamela L. Wolters
  • Ann C. M. Smith
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10803-006-0093-2

Cite this article as:
Martin, S., Wolters, P. & Smith, A. J Autism Dev Disord (2006) 36: 541. doi:10.1007/s10803-006-0093-2

Children with Smith-Magenis Syndrome (SMS) exhibit deficits in adaptive behavior but systematic studies using objective measures are lacking. This descriptive study assessed adaptive functioning in 19 children with SMS using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS). Maladaptive behavior was examined through parent questionnaires and the Childhood Autism Rating Scale. Cognitive functioning was evaluated with an age-appropriate test. Children scored below average on VABS Communication, Daily Living Skills, and Socialization scales. Learning problems and hyperactivity scales on the Conner’s Parent Rating Scale were elevated, and girls were more impulsive than boys. Stereotypic and self-injurious behaviors were present in all children. Cognitive functioning was delayed and consistent with communication and daily living skills, while socialization scores were higher than IQ.

Keywords

Smith-Magenis syndromeadaptive functioningsocial skillsIQ

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Staci C. Martin
    • 1
    • 2
    • 5
  • Pamela L. Wolters
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ann C. M. Smith
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.HIV and AIDS Malignancy BranchNational Cancer InstituteBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Medical Illness Counseling CenterChevy ChaseUSA
  3. 3.Medical Genetics Branch, National Human Genetics Research InstituteBethesdaUSA
  4. 4.Georgetown University Medical CenterWashingtonUSA
  5. 5.National Cancer InstituteBethesdaUSA