A Survey of Autism Knowledge in a Health Care Setting
Cite this article as: Heidgerken, A.D., Geffken, G., Modi, A. et al. J Autism Dev Disord (2005) 35: 323. doi:10.1007/s10803-005-3298-x Abstract
The current study extends research by Stone [Cross-disciplinary perspectives on autism?
Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 12, (1988) 615; A comparison of teacher and parent views of autism. Journal of Autism and Development Disorders, 18, (1988) 403] exploring the knowledge and beliefs about autism across multiple health care professions. One hundred and eleven CARD personnel (i.e., professional with the Center for Autism Related Disabilities, CARD), specialists (i.e., psychiatry, speech and language pathology, and clinical psychology), and primary health care providers (i.e., family practice, pediatrics, and neurology) completed a measure assessing knowledge of diagnostic criteria, course, treatment, and prognosis of autism. Results indicated that all three groups reflected accurate endorsement of the DSM-IV criteria. Primary health care providers and specialists were found to differentially endorse a variety of statements regarding prognosis, course, and treatment in comparison with CARD. Overall, primary providers demonstrated the greatest number of differences. Clinical implications and future recommendations are discussed. Keywords Autism health care survey diagnosis knowledge References American Academy of Pediatrics 2001 Technical report: The pediatrician’s role in the diagnosis and management of autistic spectrum disorder in children Pediatrics 107 1 18 Google Scholar American Psychiatric Association 1987Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders3rd edition revised Author Washington, DC Google Scholar American Psychiatric Association 1994Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders4th edition Author Washington, DC Google Scholar Burke, J. C. 1991 Some developmental implications of a disturbance in responding to complex environmental stimuli American Journal on Mental Retardation 96 37 52 Google Scholar Clark, A. F., Lewis, S. L. 1998 Practitioner review: Treatment of schizophrenia in childhood and adolescence Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 39 1071 1081 Google Scholar Croen, A., Grether, J. K., Hoogstrate, J., Selvin, S. 2002 Descriptive Epidemiology of autism in California population: Who is at risk? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 32 217 224 Google Scholar Farber, J. M., Capute, A. J. 1984 Understanding Autism Clinical Pediatrics 23 199 202 Google Scholar Helps, S., Newson-Davis, I. C., Callis, M. 1999 Autism: The teacher’s view Autism 3 287 289 Google Scholar Kaner, L. 1943 Autistic disturbances of affective contact Nervous Child 2 217 250 Google Scholar Konstantareaus, M. M., Hewitt, T. 2001 Autistic disorder and schizophrenia: Diagnostic overlaps Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 31 19 28 Google Scholar Lord, C. 1997 Diagnostic Instruments in Autism Spectrum Disorders Cohen, Volkmer, D.J. eds. Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders2nd edition Yale University New Haven, CT 460 483 Google Scholar
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