Abikoff, H. (1985). Efficacy of cognitive training interventions in hyperactive children: a critical review. Clinical Psychology Review, 5
, 479–512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Adams, Z. W., Milich, R., & Fillmore, M. T. (2010). A case for the return of attention-deficit disorder in DSM-5. The ADHD Report, 18
(3), 1–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders
(5th ed.). Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.Google Scholar
Angold, A., Costello, E. J., & Erkanli, A. (1999). Comorbidity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40
, 57–88.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Antshel, K. M., & Remer, R. (2003). Social skills training in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a randomized-controlled clinical trial. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 32
, 153–165.PubMedGoogle Scholar
Barkley, R. A. (2012). Distinguishing sluggish cognitive tempo from attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121
, 978–990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barkley, R. A. (2013). Distinguishing sluggish cognitive tempo from ADHD in children and adolescents: executive functioning, impairment, and comorbidity. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 42
, 161–173.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barkley, R. A., & Murphy, K. R. (2010). Impairment in occupational functioning and adult ADHD: the predictive utility of executive function (EF) ratings vs. EF tests. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 25
, 157–173.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bauermeister, J. J., Barkley, R. A., Bauermeister, J. A., Martinez, J. V., & McBurnett, K. (2012). Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo, inattention, and hyperactivity symptom dimensions: neuropsychological and psychosocial correlates. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 40, 683–697.
Becker, S. P., & Langberg, J. M. (2012). Sluggish cognitive tempo among young adolescents with ADHD: relations to mental health, academic, and social functioning. Journal of Attention Disorders
Becker, S. P., & Langberg, J. M. (2013). Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo dimensions in relation to executive functioning in adolescents with ADHD. Child Psychiatry and Human Development
Becker, S. P., Langberg, J. M., Luebbe, A. M., Dvorsky, M. R., & Flannery, A. J. (2013). Sluggish cognitive tempo is associated with academic functioning and internalizing symptoms in college students with and without attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology, in press.
Becker, S. P., Luebbe, A. M., Fite, P. J., Stoppelbein, L., & Greening, L. (2013). Sluggish cognitive tempo in psychiatrically hospitalized children: factor structure and relations to internalizing symptoms, social problems, and observed behavioral dysregulation. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.
Capdevila-Brophy, C., Artigas-Pallares, J., Nacarro-Pastor, J. B., Garcia-Nonell, K., Rigau-Ratera, E., & Obiols, J. E. (2012). ADHD predominantly inattentive subtype with high sluggish cognitive tempo: a new clinical entity? Journal of Attention Disorders
Carlson, C. L. (1986). Attention deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity: a review of preliminary experimental evidence. In B. B. Lahey & A. E. Kazdin (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology, vol. 9
(pp. 153–175). New York: Plenum.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crichton, A. (1798). An inquiry into the nature and origin of mental derangement: Comprehending a concise system of the physiology and pathology of the human mind and a history of the passions and their effects
. London: T. Cadell Hr. & W. Davies. Reprinted by AMS Press, New York, 1976.Google Scholar
Diamond, A. (2005). Attention-deficit disorder (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder without hyperactivity): a neurobiologically and behaviorally distinct disorder from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (with hyperactivity). Development and Psychopathology, 17
, 807–825.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Frazier, T. W., Demaree, H. A., & Youngstrom, E. A. (2004). Meta-analysis of intellectual and neuropsychological test performance in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Neuropsychology, 18
, 543–555.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Garner, A. A., Marceaux, J. C., Mrug, S., Patterson, C., & Hodgens, B. (2010). Dimensions and correlates of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 38
, 1097–1107.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Graham, D. M., Crocker, N., Deweese, B. N., Roesch, S. C., Coles, C. D., Kable, J. A., et al. (2012). Prenatal alcohol exposure, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and sluggish cognitive tempo. Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research, 37
, Supplement 1, E338–E346, doi: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2012.01886.x
Hartman, C. A., Willcutt, E. G., Rhee, S. H., & Penington, B. F. (2004). The relation between sluggish cognitive tempo and DSM-IV ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 32
, 491–503.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hervey, A. S., Epstein, J. N., & Curry, J. F. (2004). Neuropsychology of adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analytic review. Neuropsychology, 18
, 485–503.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Huang-Pollock, C. L., Nigg, J. T., & Carr, T. H. (2005). Deficient attention is hard to find: applying the perceptual load model of selective attention to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder subtypes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46
, 1211–1218.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Jacobson, L. A., Murphy-Bowman, S. C., Pritchard, A. E., Tart-Zelvin, A., Zabel, T. A., & Mahone, E. M. (2012). Factor structure of a sluggish cognitive tempo scale in clinically-referred children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Lahey, B. B. (2001). Should the combined and predominantly inattentive types of ADHD be considered distinct and unrelated disorders? Not now, at least. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8
, 494–497.Google Scholar
Langberg, J. M., Becker, S. P., & Dvorsky, M. R. (2013). The association between sluggish cognitive tempo and academic functioning in youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, in press.
Lee, S. Y., Burns, G. L., Snell, J., & McBurnett, K. (2013). Validity of the sluggish cognitive tempo symptom dimension in children: Sluggish cognitive tempo and ADHD-inattention as distinct symptom dimensions. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, in press.
Marshall, S. A., Evans, S. W., Eiraldi, R. B., Becker, S. P., & Power, T. J. (2013). Social and academic impairment in youth with ADHD, predominantly inattentive type and sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, in press.
McBurnett, K., Pfiffner, L. J., & Frick, P. J. (2001). Symptom properties as a function of ADHD type: an argument for continued study of sluggish cognitive tempo. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29
, 207–213.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
McBurnett, K., Villodas, M., Burns, G. L., Hinshaw, S. P., Beaulieu, A., & Pfiffner, L. J. (2013). Structure and validity of sluggish cognitive tempo using an expanded item pool in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, in press.
McConaughy, S. H., Ivanova, M., Antshel, K., & Eiraldi, R. B. (2009a). Standardized observational assessment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Combined and Predominantly Inattentive Subtypes: I. Test session observations. School Psychology Review, 38
, 45–66.PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
McConaughy, S. H., Ivanova, M., Antshel, K., Eiraldi, R. B., & Dumenci, L. (2009b). Standardized observational assessment of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Combined and Predominantly Inattentive Subtypes: II. Classroom observations. School Psychology Review, 39
, 362–381.Google Scholar
Mikami, A. Y., Huang-Pollack, C. L., Pfiffner, L. J., McBurnett, K., & Hangai, D. (2007). Social skills differences among attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder types in a chat room assessment task. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35
, 509–521.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Milich, R., Ballentine, A. C., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). ADHD/combined type and ADHD/predominantly inattentive type are distinct and unrelated disorders. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8
, 463–488.Google Scholar
Mirsky, A. F. (1996). Disorders of attention. In R. G. Lyon & N. A. Krasnegor (Eds.), Attention, memory, and executive function
(pp. 71–96). Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
Moruzzi, S., Rijsdijk, F., & Battaglia, M. (2013). A twin study of the relationships among inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity and sluggish cognitive tempo problems. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, in press.
Penny, A. M., Waschbusch, D. A., Klein, R. M., Corkum, P., & Eskes, G. (2009). Developing a measure of sluggish cognitive tempo for children: content validity, factor structure, and reliability. Psychological Assessment, 21
, 380–389.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Pfiffner, L. J., Mikami, A. Y., Huang-Pollock, C., Easterlin, B., Zalecki, C., & McBurnett, K. (2007). A randomized, controlled trial of integrated home-school behavioral treatment for ADHD, Predominantly Inattentive Type. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 48
, 1041–1050.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Reeves, C. B., Palmer, S., Gross, A. M., Simonian, S. J., Taylor, L., Willigham, E., & Mulhern, R. K. (2007). Brief report: sluggish cognitive tempo among pediatric survivors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 32
, 1050–1054.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Saxbe, C. & Barkley, R. A. (2013). The other attention disorder? Sluggish cognitive tempo vs. ADHD: update for clinicians. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, in press.
Skirbekk, B., Hansen, B. H., Oerbeck, B., & Kristensen, H. (2011). The relationship between sluggish cognitive tempo, subjects of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, and anxiety disorders. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, in press, 18 February 2011.
Smallwood, J., & Schooler, J. (2006). The restless mind. Psychological Bulletin, 132
, 946–958.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smallwood, J., Fishman, D., & Schooler, J. (2007). Counting the cost of an absent mind: mind wandering as an under recognized influence on educational performance. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 14
, 230–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Watabe, Y., Owens, J. S., Evans, S. W., & Brandt, N. E. (2013). The relationship between sluggish cognitive tempo and impairment in children with and without ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, in press
Wietecha, L., Williams, D., Shaywitz, S., Shaywitz, B., Hooper, S. R., Wigal, S. B., et al. (2011). Efficacy of treatment with atomoxetine for attention in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and comorbid dyslexia. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, October.
Willcutt, E. G., Doyle, A. E., Nigg, J. T., Faraone, S. V., & Pennington, B. F. (2005). Validity of the executive function theory of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: a meta-analytic review. Biological Psychiatry, 57
, 1336–1346.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
Willcutt, E. G., Chhabildas, N., Kinnear, M., DeFries, J. C., Olson, R. K., Leopold, D. R., et al. (2013). The internal and external validity of sluggish cognitive tempo and its relation with DSM-IV ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, in press