Doll Play Narratives About Starting School in Children of Socially Anxious Mothers, and Their Relation to Subsequent Child School-Based Anxiety
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Child social anxiety is common, and predicts later emotional and academic impairment. Offspring of socially anxious mothers are at increased risk. It is important to establish whether individual vulnerability to disorder can be identified in young children. The responses of 4.5 year-old children of mothers with social phobia (N = 62) and non-anxious mothers (N = 60) were compared, two months before school entry, using a Doll Play (DP) procedure focused on the social challenge of starting school. DP responses were examined in relation to teacher reports of anxious-depressed symptoms and social worries at the end of the child’s first school term. The role of earlier child behavioral inhibition and attachment, assessed at 14 months, was also considered. Compared to children of non-anxious mothers, children of mothers with social phobia were significantly more likely to give anxiously negative responses in their school DP (OR = 2.57). In turn, negative DP predicted teacher reported anxious-depressed and social worry problems. There were no effects of infant behavioral inhibition or attachment. Vulnerability in young children at risk of anxiety can be identified using Doll Play narratives.
- Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2000). Manual for the ASEBA preschool forms and profiles. Burlington: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
- Ainsworth, M. D. S., Blehar, M. C., Waters, E., & Wall, S. (1978). Patterns of attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation. Hillsdale: Erlbaum.
- Alvarez, A., & Phillips, A. (1998). The importance of play: a child psychotherapist’s view. Child Psychology & Psychiatry Review, 3(3), 99–103. CrossRef
- Arend, R., Gove, F. L., & Sroufe, A. L. (1979). Continuity of individual adaptation from infancy to kindergarten: a predictive study of ego-resilience and curiosity in preschoolers. Child Development, 50(4), 950–959. CrossRef
- Barrett, P. M., Rapee, R. M., Dadds, M. M., & Ryan, S. M. (1996). Family enhancement of cognitive style in anxious and aggressive children. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 24(2), 187–203. CrossRef
- Beidel, D. C., & Turner, S. M. (1998). Shy children, phobic adults: Nature and treatment of social phobia. Washington: American Psychological Association. CrossRef
- Belsky, J., & Fearon, R. M. P. (2008). Precursors of attachment security. In J. Cassidy & P. R. Shaver (Eds.), Handbook of attachment theory and research (2nd ed.). Guildford: Guildford Press.
- Belsky, J., Hsieh, K., & Crnic, K. (1998). Mothering, fathering, and infant negativity as antecedents of boys’ externalizing problems and inhibition at age 3 years: differential susceptibility to rearing experience? Development and Psychopathology, 10, 301–319. CrossRef
- Bettmann, J. E., & Lundahl, B. W. (2007). Tell me a story: a review of narrative assessments for preschoolers. Child and Adolescent Social Work, 24, 455–475. CrossRef
- Biederman, J., Rosenbaum, J., Bolduc-Murphy, E., Faraone, S., Chaloff, J., Hirshfeld, D., & Kagan, J. (1993). A 3-Year Follow-up of Children with and without Behavioral Inhibition. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 32(4), 814–821. CrossRef
- Bretherton, I., & Oppenheim, D. (2003). The MacArthur story stem battery: Development, administration, reliability, validity, and reflections about meaning. In R. N. Emde, D. P. Wolf, & D. Oppenheim (Eds.), Revealing the inner worlds of young children: The MacArthur story stem battery and parent–child narratives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Carter, A., Briggs-Gowan, M. J., & Ornstein Davis, N. (2004). Assessment of young children’s social-emotional development and psychopathology: recent advances and recommendations for practice. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45(1), 109–134. CrossRef
- Cartwright-Hatton, S., McNicol, K., & Doubleday, E. (2006). Anxiety in a neglected population: prevalence of anxiety disorders in pre-adolescent children. Clinical Psychology Review, 26, 817–833. CrossRef
- Cooper, P. J., Fearn, V., Willetts, L., Seabrook, H., & Parkinson, M. (2006). Affective disorder in the parents of a clinic sample of children with anxiety disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, 93, 205–212. CrossRef
- Degnan, K. A., & Fox, N. A. (2007). Behavioral inhibition and anxiety disorders: multiple levels of a resilience process. Development and Psychopathology, 19, 729–746. CrossRef
- Degnan, K. A., Almas, A. N., & Fox, N. A. (2010). Temperament and the environment in the etiology of childhood anxiety. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 51(4), 497–517. CrossRef
- Degonda, M., & Angst, J. (1993). The Zurich study XX. Social Phobia and agoraphobia European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 243, 95–102. CrossRef
- Ding, S. (2005). Introduction: children’s personal and social development. In S. Ding & K. Littleton (Eds.), Children’s personal and social development. Milton Keynes: The Open University.
- Dodd, H. F., Hudson, J. L., Morris, T. L., & Wise, C. K. (2011). Interpretation bias in preschool children at risk for anxiety: a prospective study. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 121(1), 28–38. CrossRef
- Egger, H. L., & Angold, A. (2004). The preschool age psychiatric assessment (PAPA): A structured parent interview for diagnosing psychiatric disorders in preschool children. In R. DelCarmen-Wiggins & A. Carter (Eds.), Handbook of infant, toddler, and preschool mental health assessment (pp. 223–243). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Farrington, D. P., & Loeber, R. (2000). Some benefits of dichotomization in psychiatric and criminological research. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 10, 100–122. CrossRef
- First, M. B., Spitzer, R. L., Gibbon, M., & Williams, J. B. W. (2002). Structured clinical interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research Version (Patientth ed.). New York: Biometrics Research, New York State Psychiatric Institute.
- Hane, A., Cheah, C., Rubin, K., & Fox, N. (2008). The role of maternal behavior in the relation between shyness and social withdrawal in early childhood and social withdrawal in later childhood. Social Development, 17, 795–811. CrossRef
- Hettema, J. M., Neale, M. C., & Kendler, K. S. (2001). A review and metaanalysis of the genetic epidemiology of anxiety disorders. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 158, 1568–1578. CrossRef
- Hill, J., Fonagy, P., Lancaster, G., & Broyden, N. (2007). Aggression and intentionality in narrative responses to conflict and distress story stems: an investigation of boys with disruptive behaviour problems. Attachment & Human Development, 9(3), 223–237. CrossRef
- HMSO. (2005). The National Statistics Socio-economic Classification User Manual. In The Office for National Statistics (Ed.). Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.
- Holmberg, J., Robinson, J. L., Corbitt-Price, J., & Wiener, P. (2007). Using narratives to assess competencies and risks in young children: experiences with high risk and normal populations. Infant Mental Health Journal, 28(6), 647–666. CrossRef
- Kagan, J., Reznick, J. S., & Snidman, M. (1987). The physiology and psychology of behavioural inhibition in children. Child Development, 58, 1459–1473. CrossRef
- Kagan, J., Snidman, N., Zentner, M., & Peterson, E. (1999). Infant temperament and anxious symptoms in school age children. Development and Psychopathology, 11, 209–224. CrossRef
- Kendall, P. C. (2006). Guiding theory for therapy with children and adolescents. In P. C. Kendall (Ed.), Child and adolescent therapy: Cognitive-behavioral procedures (3rd ed., pp. 3–32). New York: Guilford Press.
- Laible, D., Carlo, G., Torquati, J., & Ontai, L. (2004). Children’s perceptions of family relationships as assessed in a Doll Story Completion Task: links to parenting, social competence, and externalizing behavior. Social Development, 13(4), 551–569. CrossRef
- Lieb, R., Wittchen, H.-U., Hofler, M., Fuetsch, M., Stein, M. B., & Merikangas, K. R. (2000). Parental psychopathology, parenting styles, and the risk of social phobia in offspring. Archives of General Psychiatry, 57, 859–866. CrossRef
- Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1990). Procedures for identifying infants as disorganized/disoriented during the Ainsworth Strange Situation. In M. T. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E. M. Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
- Marshall, P., & Katz, L. L. (1992). Children in clinical settings. In J. Garbarino & F. M. Stott (Eds.), What children can tell us: Eliciting, interpreting, and evaluating critical information from children (pp. 247–265). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
- Mattick, R. P., & Clarke, J. C. (1998). Development and validation of measures of social phobia scrutiny fear and social interaction anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 36(4), 455–470. CrossRef
- Murray, L., Woolgar, M., Briers, S., & Hipwell, A. (1999). Childrens’ social representations in dolls’ house play and theory of mind tasks, and their relation to family adversity and child disturbance. Social Development, 8(2), 179–200. CrossRef
- Murray, L., Cooper, P. J., Creswell, C., Schofield, E., & Sack, C. (2007). The effects of maternal social phobia on mother–infant interactions and infant social responsiveness. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48(1), 45–52. CrossRef
- Murray, L., de Rosnay, M., Pearson, J., Bergeron, C., Schofield, E., Royal-Lawson, M., et al. (2008). Intergenerational transmission of social anxiety: the role of social referencing processes in infancy. Child Development, 79(4), 1049–1064. CrossRef
- Murray, L., Lau, P. Y., Arteche, A., Creswell, C., Russ, S., Zoppa, L. D., Muggeo, M., Stein, A., & Cooper, P. J. (2012). Parenting by anxious mothers: effects of disorder subtype, context and child characteristics. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 53(2), 188–196. CrossRef
- Najman, J. M., Williams, G. M., Nikles, J., Spence, S. H., Bor, W., O’Callaghan, M., et al. (2001). Bias influencing maternal reports of child behaviour and emotional state. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 36(4), 186–194. CrossRef
- Oppenheim, D. (1997). The attachment Doll-play interview for preschoolers. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 20(4), 681–697. CrossRef
- Pina, A. A., Silverman, W. K., Saavedra, L. M., & Weems, C. F. (2001). An analysis of the RCMAS lie scale in a clinic sample of anxious children. Anxiety Disorders, 15, 443–457. CrossRef
- Ramchandani, P., Murray, L., Romano, G., Vlachos, H., & Stein, A. (2011). An investigation of health anxiety in families where children have recurrent abdominal pain. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 36, 409–419. CrossRef
- Rapee, R. M., Schniering, C. A., & Hudson, J. L. (2009). Anxiety disorders during childhood and adolescence: origins and treatment. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 5, 11–41. CrossRef
- Schreier, A., Wittchen, H.-U., Hofler, M., & Lieb, R. (2008). Anxiety disorders in mothers and their children: prospective longitudinal community study. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 192, 308–309. CrossRef
- Sinclair, D., & Murray, L. (1998). Effects of postnatal depression on children’s adjustment to school. Teacher reports. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 58–63. CrossRef
- Spence, S. H. (1995). Social skills training: Enhancing social competence with children and adolescents- Research and technical supplement. Windsor: NFER-NELSON Ltd.
- Warren, S. L., Oppenheim, D., & Emde, R. N. (1996). Can emotions and themes in children’s play predict behaviour problems? Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34(10), 1331–1337. CrossRef
- Warren, S., Oppenheim, D., & Emde, R. N. (1997). Children’s narrative representations of mothers: Their development and associations with child and mother adaptation. Child Development, 68(1), 127–138. CrossRef
- Warren, S. L., Emde, R. N., & Sroufe, L. A. (2000). Internal representations: predicting anxiety from children’s play narratives. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39(1), 100–107. CrossRef
- Wechsler, D. (1990). Wechsler pre-school & primary scale of intelligence-revised (WPPSI-R) (UK ed.). Sidcup: Psychological Corporation.
- Wittchen, H., & Fehm, L. (2003). Epidemiology and natural course of social fears and social phobia. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 108(Suppl. 417), 4–18. CrossRef
- Woolgar, M. (1999). Projective doll play methodologies for preschool children. Child Psychology & Psychiatry Review, 4, 126–134. CrossRef
- Doll Play Narratives About Starting School in Children of Socially Anxious Mothers, and Their Relation to Subsequent Child School-Based Anxiety
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume 40, Issue 8 , pp 1375-1384
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Social phobia
- Child anxiety
- Play narratives
- School adjustment
- Industry Sectors