Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 40, Issue 2, pp 201-209

First online:

Temperament Alters Susceptibility to Negative Peer Influence in Early Adolescence

  • Sylvie MrugAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham Email author 
  • , Anjana MadanAffiliated withDepartment of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham
  • , Michael WindleAffiliated withDepartment of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Emory University

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


The role of deviant peers in adolescent antisocial behavior has been well documented, but less is known about individual differences in susceptibility to negative peer influence. This study examined whether specific temperament dimensions moderate the prospective relationship between peer deviance and delinquent behavior in early adolescence. Participants included 704 adolescents recruited from the community. At baseline, parents provided information on adolescents’ temperament and youth reported on their own and their friends’ delinquent behavior. Self-reports of adolescents’ delinquent behavior were collected again 16 months later. Peer deviance was related to delinquent behavior over time more strongly for adolescents with low levels of task orientation, flexibility, and positive mood, compared to youth with high levels of task orientation, flexibility, and positive mood. Analyses of gender differences indicated that low flexibility increased susceptibility to negative peer influence only for males, but not females. General activity level and sleep rhythmicity did not moderate the effect of peer behavior on delinquency.


Peer influence Temperament Externalizing behavior Early adolescence