Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 293–305

How Do Children with ADHD (Mis)manage Their Real-Life Dyadic Friendships? A Multi-Method Investigation

  • Sébastien Normand
  • Barry H. Schneider
  • Matthew D. Lee
  • Marie-France Maisonneuve
  • Sally M. Kuehn
  • Philippe Robaey
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10802-010-9450-x

Cite this article as:
Normand, S., Schneider, B.H., Lee, M.D. et al. J Abnorm Child Psychol (2011) 39: 293. doi:10.1007/s10802-010-9450-x

Abstract

This multimethod study provides detailed information about the friendships of 87 children (76% boys) with ADHD and 46 comparison children aged 7–13 years. The methods included parent and teacher ratings, self-report measures and direct observation of friends’ dyadic behaviors in three structured analogue tasks. Results indicated that, in contrast with comparison children, children with ADHD had friends with high levels of ADHD and oppositional symptoms; they perceived fewer positive features and more negative features, and were less satisfied in their friendships. Observational data indicated that children with ADHD performed both more legal and more illegal maneuvers than comparison children in a fast-paced competitive game. While negotiating with their friends, children with ADHD made more insensitive and self-centered proposals than comparison children. In dyads consisting of one child with ADHD and one typically developing child, children with ADHD were often more dominant than their friends.

Keywords

ADHD Friendship Peer relationships Observational Study 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sébastien Normand
    • 1
  • Barry H. Schneider
    • 1
  • Matthew D. Lee
    • 1
  • Marie-France Maisonneuve
    • 2
  • Sally M. Kuehn
    • 3
  • Philippe Robaey
    • 3
  1. 1.School of PsychologyUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Clinique d’apprentissage spécialiséeGatineauCanada
  3. 3.Children’s Hospital of Eastern OntarioOttawaCanada

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