Adams, C. D., Kelley, M. L., & McCarthy, M. (1997). The adolescent behavior checklist: development and initial psychometric properties of a self-report measure for adolescents with ADHD. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 26
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA School-Age Forms &Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (4th ed. rev.). Washington, DC: Author.
American Psychiatric Association. (1980). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (3rd ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Baeyens, D., Roeyers, H., & Walle, J. V. (2006). Subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Distinct or related disorders across measurement levels? Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 36
Barkley, R. A. (ed). (2006). Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: A handbook for diagnosis and treatment (3rd ed.). New York: Guilford.
Barkley, R. A. (2001). The Inattentive type of ADHD as a distinct disorder: What remains to be done. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8
Chhabildas, N., Pennington, B. F., & Willcutt, E. G. (2001). A comparison of the neuropsychological profiles of the DSM-IV subtypes of ADHD. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 29
Chen, F. F., West, S. G., & Sousa, K. H. (2006). A comparison of bifactor and second-order models of quality of life. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 41
Collett, B.R., Crowley, S.L., Gimpel, G.A., & Greenson, J.N. (2000). The factor structure of DSM-IV attention deficit-hyperactivity symptoms: A confirmatory factor analysis of the ADHD-SRS. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 361–373.
Conners, C.K. (1997). Conners’ Rating Scales-Revised Technical Manual New York: Multi-Health Systems Inc.
Conners, C. K. (2008). Conners 3
Edition: Manual. Multi-Health Systems Inc.: Toronto.
Diamond, A. (2005). Attention-deficit disorder (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder without hyperactivity): A neurobiologically and behaviorally distinct disorder from attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (with hyperactivity). Development and Psychopathology, 17
Dumenci, L., McConaughy, S. H., & Achenbach, T. M. (2004). A hierarchical three-factor model of inattention-hyperactivity-impulsivity derived from the attention problems syndrome of the teacher’s report form. School Psychology Review, 33, 287–301.
DuPaul, G. J. (1991). Parent and teacher ratings of ADHD symptoms: Psychometric properties in a community-based sample. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 20
Finney, S. J., & DiStefano, C. (2006). Nonnormal and categorical data in structural equation modeling. In G. R. Hancock & R. O. Mueller (Eds.), Structural equation modeling: A second course. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
Flora, D. B., & Curran, P. J. (2004). An evaluation of alternative methods for confirmatory factor analysis with ordinal data. Psychological Methods, 9
Glutting, J. J., Youngstrom, E. A., & Watkins, M. W. (2005). ADHD and college students: Exploratory and confirmatory factor structures with student and parent data. Psychological Assessment, 17
Gomez, R., Harvey, J., Quick, C., Scharer, I., & Harris, G. (1999). DSM-IV AD/HD: Confirmatory factor models, prevalence, and gender and age differences based on parent and teacher ratings of Australian primary school children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 40
Goodman, R. (1997). The strengths and difficulties questionnaire: a research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38
Hart, E. L., Lahey, B. B., Loeber, R., Applegate, B., & Frick, P. J. (1995). Developmental change in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in boys: A four-year longitudinal study. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 23
Hinshaw, S. P. (2001). Is the inattentive type of ADHD a separate disorder? Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8
Holzinger, K. J., & Swineford, F. (1937). The bifactor method. Psychometrika, 2
Hudziak, J. J., Heath, A. C., Madden, P. F., Reich, W., Bucholz, K. K., Slutske, W., et al. (1998). Latent class and factor analysis of DSM-IV ADHD: A twin study of female adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37
Kaufman, J., Birmaher, B., Brent, D., et al. (1997). Schedule for affective disorders and schizophrenia for school-age children—present and lifetime version (K-SADS-PL): Initial reliability and validity data. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36
Kuntsi, J., Oosterlaan, J., & Stevenson, J. (2001). Psychological mechanisms in hyperactivity. I. Response inhibition deficit, working memory impairment, delay aversion, or something else? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42
Lahey, B. B. (2001). Should the combined and predominantly inattentive types of ADHD be considered distinct and unrelated disorders? Not now, at least. Clinical Psychology:Science and Practice, 8
Lahey, B. B., Pelham, W. E., Loney, J., Lee, S. S., & Willcutt, E. (2005). Instability of the DSM-IV subtypes of ADHD from preschool through elementary school. Archives of General Psychiatry, 62
Lahey, B. B., Pelham, W. E., Schaughency, E. A., Atkins, M. S., Murphy, H. A., Hynd, G. W., et al. (1988). Dimensions and types of attention deficit disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 27
Martel, M., Nikolas, M., & Nigg, J. T. (2007). Executive function in adolescents with ADHD. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 46
Milich, R., Balentine, A. C., & Lynam, D. R. (2001). ADHD combined type and ADHD predominantly Inattentive type are distinct and unrelated disorders. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 8
Muthén, L. K., & Muthén, B. O. (2002). Mplus User’s Guide (5th ed.). Los Angeles, CA: Muthén and Muthén.
Nigg, J. T. (2006). What causes ADHD? Understanding what goes wrong and why. Guilford Press: New York.
Nigg, J. T., & Casey, B. J. (2005). An integrative theory of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder based on the cognitive and affective neurosciences. Development and Psychopathology, 17
Nigg, J. T., Stavro, G., Ettenhofer, M., Hambrick, D. Z., Miller, T., & Henderson, J. M. (2005). Executive functions and ADHD in adults: Evidence for selective effects on ADHD symptom domains. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114
Nigg, J. T., Willcutt, E. G., Doyle, A. E., & Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2004). Causal heterogeneity in ADHD: Do we need neuropsychologically impaired subtypes? Biological Psychiatry, 57
Pillow, D. R., Pelham, W. E., Hoza, B., Molina, B. S. G., & Stultz, C. H. (1998). Confirmatory factor analyses examining attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms and other childhood disruptive behaviors. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 26
Proctor, B. E., & Prevatt, F. (2009). Confirming the factor structure of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in college students using student and parent data. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 42
Rasmussen, E. R., Todd, R. D., Neuman, R. J., Heath, A. C., Reich, W., & Rohde, L. A. (2002). Comparison of male-adolescent report of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms across two cultures using latent class and principle components analysis. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43
Rindskopf, D., & Rose, T. (1988). Some theory and applications of confirmatory second-order factor analysis. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 23
Rohde, L. A., Barbosa, G., Polanczyk, G., Eizirik, M., Rasmussen, E. R., Neuman, R. J., et al. (2001). Factor and latent class analysis of DSM-IV ADHD symptoms in a school sample of Brazilian adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40
Rowland, A. S., et al. (2008). The shifting subtypes of ADHD: classification depends on how symptom reports are combined. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 36
Rubia, K. (2005). RED: ADHD under the “micro-scope”of the rat model. Behavioral Brain Sciences, 28, 439–440.
Sagvolden, T., Aase, H., Johansen, E. B., & Russell, V. A. (2005). A dynamic developmental theory of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) predominantly hyperactive/impulsive and combined subtypes. Behav and Brain Sciences, 28, 397–420.
Sattler, J. M. (2008). Assessment of children (5th ed.). San Diego, USA: Jerome M. Sattler, Publisher, Inc.
Schmid, J., & Leiman, J. M. (1957). The development of hierarchical factor solutions. Psychometrika, 5, 141–152.
Solanto, M. V., Gilbert, S. N., Raj, A., Zhu, J., Pope-Boyd, S., Stepak, B., et al. (2007). Neurocognitive functioning in AD/HD, Predominantly Inattentive and Combined Subtypes. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 35
Sonuga- Barke, E. J. S. (2005). Causal models of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: From common simple deficits to multiple developmental pathways. Biological Psychiatry, 57
Sonuga- Barke, E. J. S. (2003). The dual pathway model of AD/HD: An elaboration of neurodevelopmental characteristics. Neuroscience &Biobehavioral Reviews, 27
Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S. (2002). Psychological heterogeneity in AD/HD-a dual pathway model of behaviour and cognition. Behavioral Brain Research, 130
Sonuga-Barke, E. J. S., Sergeant, J. A., Nigg, J., & Willcutt, E. (2008). Executive dysfunction and delay aversion in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Nosologic and diagnostic implications. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 17
Span, S. A., Earleywine, M., & Strybel, T. J. (2002). Confirming the factor structure of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in adult, nonclinical samples. Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 24
Spearman, C. (1904). “General intelligence,” objectively determined and measured. American Journal of Psychology, 15
Suskauer, S. J., Simmonds, D. J., Caffo, B. S., Denckla, M. B., Pekar, J. J., & Mostofsky, S. H. (2008). fMRI of instrasubject variability in ADHD: Anomalous premotor activity with prefrontal compensation. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 47
Swanson, J., Schuck, S., Mann, M., Carlson, C., Hartman, K., Sergeant, J. et al. (2005). Categorical and dimensional definitions and evaluations of symptoms of ADHD: The SNAP and the SWAN Ratings Scales [Draft]. Available at: www.adhd.net/SNAP_SWAN.pdf
. Accessed April 2, 2009.
Toplak, M. E., Jain, U., & Tannock, R. (2005). Decision-making and cognitive abilities in adolescents with Attention-Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Behavioral and Brain Functions. 1:8
Toplak, M. E., & Tannock, R. (2005). Time perception: modality and duration effects in attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33
Van den Bergh, F., Spronk, M., Ferreira, L., Bloemarts, E., Groenink, L., Olivier, B., et al. (2006). Relationship of delay aversion and response inhibition to extinction learning, aggression, and sexual behaviour. Behavioural Brain Research, 175
Wechsler, D. (1997). Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Third Edition. San Antonio: The Psychological Corporation.
Wechsler, D. (1999). Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI). The Psychological Corporation: USA.
Wechsler, D. (2003). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Fourth Edition. The Psychological Corporation: USA.
West, S. G., Finch, J. F., & Curran, P. J. (1995). Structural equation models with non-normal variables: Problems and remedies. In R. Hoyle (Ed.), Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues, and applications (pp. 56–75). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Willcutt, E. G., Doyle, A. E., Nigg, J. T., Faraone, S. V., & Pennington, B. F. (2005). Validity of executive function theory of ADHD: A meta-analytic review. Biological Psychiatry, 57
Wolraich, M. L., Hanna, J. N., Pinnock, T. Y., Baumgaertel, A., & Brown, J. (1996). Comparison of diagnostic criteria for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder in a country-wide sample. Journal of the American Academy of Children and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35
Young, D. J., & Hay, D. A. (2009). The diagnosis and measurement of ADHD: A comparative analysis. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
Yu, C.-Y., & Muthén, B. (2002, April). Evaluation of model fit indices for latent variable models with categorical and continuous outcomes. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans,
Yung, Y. F., Thissen, D., & McLeod, L. D. (1999). On the relationship between the higher-order factor model and the hierarchical factor model. Psychometrika, 24, 45–51.