Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 35, Issue 6, pp 883–898

ADHD Correlates, Comorbidity, and Impairment in Community and Treated Samples of Children and Adolescents

Authors

    • Behavioral Sciences Research Institute (BSRI)University of Puerto Rico (UPR)
  • Patrick E. Shrout
    • Department of PsychologyNew York University
  • Rafael Ramírez
    • Behavioral Sciences Research Institute (BSRI)University of Puerto Rico (UPR)
  • Milagros Bravo
    • Behavioral Sciences Research Institute (BSRI)University of Puerto Rico (UPR)
    • Graduate School of Education, UPR
  • Margarita Alegría
    • Behavioral Sciences Research Institute (BSRI)University of Puerto Rico (UPR)
    • Department of PsychiatryHarvard University
    • Cambridge Health Alliance
  • Alfonso Martínez-Taboas
    • Behavioral Sciences Research Institute (BSRI)University of Puerto Rico (UPR)
    • Carlos Albizu University
  • Ligia Chávez
    • Behavioral Sciences Research Institute (BSRI)University of Puerto Rico (UPR)
  • Maritza Rubio-Stipec
    • Behavioral Sciences Research Institute (BSRI)University of Puerto Rico (UPR)
  • Pedro García
    • Behavioral Sciences Research Institute (BSRI)University of Puerto Rico (UPR)
  • Julio C. Ribera
    • Behavioral Sciences Research Institute (BSRI)University of Puerto Rico (UPR)
    • San Juan Veterans Administration Hospital
  • Glorisa Canino
    • Behavioral Sciences Research Institute (BSRI)University of Puerto Rico (UPR)
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10802-007-9141-4

Cite this article as:
Bauermeister, J.J., Shrout, P.E., Ramírez, R. et al. J Abnorm Child Psychol (2007) 35: 883. doi:10.1007/s10802-007-9141-4

Abstract

Patterns of correlates, comorbidity and impairment associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and youth were examined in representative samples from the community and from treatment facilities serving medically indigent youth in Puerto Rico. Information from caretakers and youths was obtained using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, (version IV), measures of global impairment, and a battery of potential correlates. In the community (N = 1,896) and the treated samples (N = 763), 7.5 and 26.2% of the children, respectively, met criteria for DSM-IV ADHD in the previous year. Although the prevalence rates and degree of impairment differed, the general patterns of correlates, comorbidity and impairment were similar in both populations. The exceptions were associated with conduct disorder, anxiety, impairment in the ADHD comorbid group, and age factors that appeared to be related to selection into treatment.

Keywords

ADHDCorrelatesPrevalenceComorbidityHispanic/Latino

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007