Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 241–254

A Multitrait–Multisource Confirmatory Factor Analytic Approach to the Construct Validity of ADHD and ODD Rating Scales with Malaysian Children


  • Rapson Gomez
    • School of Behavioural and Social Sciences and HumanitiesUniversity of Ballarat
    • Department of PsychologyWashington State University
  • James A. Walsh
    • Department of PsychologyUniversity of Montana
  • Nina Hafetz
    • School of Behavioural and Social Sciences and HumanitiesUniversity of Ballarat

DOI: 10.1007/s10802-005-1831-1

Cite this article as:
Gomez, R., Burns, G.L., Walsh, J.A. et al. J Abnorm Child Psychol (2005) 33: 241. doi:10.1007/s10802-005-1831-1


Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to model a multitrait by multisource matrix to determine the convergent and discriminant validity of measures of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-inattention (IN), ADHD-hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI), and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) in 917 Malaysian elementary school children. The three trait factors were ADHD-IN, ADHD-HI, and ODD. The two source factors were parents and teachers. Similar to earlier studies with Australian and Brazilian children, the parent and teacher measures failed to show convergent and discriminant validity with Malaysian children. The study outlines the implications of such strong source effects in ADHD-IN, ADHD-HI, and ODD measures for the use of such parent and teacher scales to study the symptom dimensions.


attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder oppositional defiant disorder confirmatory factor analysis multitrait–multimethod matrix convergent validity discriminant validity

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005