Article

Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 21-26

First online:

Feasibility of using PtFe alloys as cathodes in direct methanol fuel cells

  • K. ScottAffiliated withSchool of Chemical Engineering & Advanced Materials, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
  • , W. YuanAffiliated withSchool of Chemical Engineering & Advanced Materials, University of Newcastle upon Tyne
  • , H. ChengAffiliated withSchool of Chemical Engineering & Advanced Materials, University of Newcastle upon Tyne Email author 

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Abstract

Carbon-supported platinum–iron catalysts were fabricated and characterised by means of scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray system and X-ray diffraction. The catalysts were tested in electrochemical half cells for oxygen reduction using voltammetry and steady-state polarisation measurements and in direct methanol fuel cells. Use of PtFe/C cathodes, instead of a Pt/C cathode, partially suppressed methanol oxidation and led to higher net oxygen reduction currents in the presence of methanol. Consequently, an increase in power density up to 30% was achieved in direct methanol fuel cells with PtFe/C cathodes, compared to that with Pt/C cathode. The influence of alloy composition and operation conditions on the cell performance has been investigated.

Keywords

direct methanol fuel cell Pt alloy catalysts oxygen reduction methanol crossover