Original Paper

International Ophthalmology

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 221-225

Comparison of Goldmann applanation and dynamic contour tonometry in a population of Mexican open-angle glaucoma patients

  • J. Jimenez-RomanAffiliated withAssociation for Preventing Blindness in Mexico (Dr. Luis Sanchez Bulnes Hospital)Vicente García Torres 46, San Lucas, Coyoacán Email author 
  • , F. Gil-CarrascoAffiliated withAssociation for Preventing Blindness in Mexico (Dr. Luis Sanchez Bulnes Hospital)
  • , A. MartinezAffiliated withScience & Sports Research
  • , O. Albis-DonadoAffiliated withAssociation for Preventing Blindness in Mexico (Dr. Luis Sanchez Bulnes Hospital)
  • , J. D. De la Torre-TovarAffiliated withAssociation for Preventing Blindness in Mexico (Dr. Luis Sanchez Bulnes Hospital)

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Abstract

To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained with Goldmann applanation (GAT) and dynamic contour tonometry (DCT) in a Mexican population. 40 glaucoma patients were included in this cross-sectional observational cohort study. IOP measurements were performed in the following order: DCT, ultrasonic pachymetry and GAT, with a 5-minute difference between each measurement, between 8 am and 2 pm. Only DCT measurements of good quality (Q ≤ 3) were accepted. GAT measurements were made three times with the same Goldmann tonometer, previously checked for calibration errors, and the mean was used for statistical purposes. The IOP (mean [standard deviation], 95 % confidence interval [CI]) measured with the Goldmann tonometer (13.2 [2.4], 12.4–14.0 mmHg) was significantly lower than that obtained with the DCT (18.4 [3.3], 17.0–19.2 mmHg), p < 0.0001. Pearson’s correlation coefficients between CCT and IOP measured with GAT and DCT were (r = 0.24, 95 % CI = 0.07–0.52, p = 0.133) and (r = 0.13, 95 % CI = –0.19 to 0.43, p = 0.412), respectively. The concordance correlation coefficient between GAT and DCT was r c = 0.3, 95 % CI = 0.17–0.41). DCT seems to overestimate the IOP as compared to GAT. Additionally, although there was a good correlation between the IOP measurements assessed with either GAT or DCT, the agreement was poor.

Keywords

Open-angle glaucoma Intraocular pressure Goldmann applanation tonometry Dynamic contour tonometry Central corneal thickness