Inflammopharmacology

, 19:255

Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of protocatechuic acid in rats and mice

  • Amol B. Lende
  • Ajay D. Kshirsagar
  • Avinash D. Deshpande
  • Milind M. Muley
  • Rajesh Ramesh Patil
  • Pallavi A. Bafna
  • Suresh R. Naik
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10787-011-0086-4

Cite this article as:
Lende, A.B., Kshirsagar, A.D., Deshpande, A.D. et al. Inflammopharmacol (2011) 19: 255. doi:10.1007/s10787-011-0086-4

Abstract

Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of protocatechuic acid (PCA), a natural product, was evaluated in different rat models (viz., carrageenan-induced paw oedema, cotton pellet-induced granuloma and Freund’s adjuvant arthritis) of inflammation and chemical and heat induced mouse models of pain. Treatment with PCA inhibited significantly different biological parameters like hind paw oedema, granuloma exudates formation and arthritis index in carrageenan oedema, cotton pellet granuloma and Freund’s adjuvant arthritis, respectively. The biochemical changes viz., glutathione, superoxide dismutase, catalase, lipid peroxidation and NO in oedematous or in liver tissues and serum alanine aminotransferase and lactic dehydrogenase occurred during different types of inflammation were either significantly restored or inhibited with PCA pretreatment. Present experimental findings demonstrate promising anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of PCA which is comparable with that of standard drugs used.

Keywords

Protocatechuic acidAnti-inflammatory activityAnalgesic activityAnti-oxidantsLysosomal enzymes

Copyright information

© Springer Basel AG 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amol B. Lende
    • 1
  • Ajay D. Kshirsagar
    • 1
  • Avinash D. Deshpande
    • 1
  • Milind M. Muley
    • 1
  • Rajesh Ramesh Patil
    • 2
  • Pallavi A. Bafna
    • 1
  • Suresh R. Naik
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PharmacologyPad. Dr. D. Y. Patil Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences and ResearchPimpri, PuneIndia
  2. 2.Sinhgad Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (SIPS)Lonavala, PuneIndia