Original Paper

International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 43-61

Exploring the agency of global environmental consultancy firms in earth system governance

  • Sofie BouteligierAffiliated withInstitute for International and European Policy, K.U. Leuven Email author 

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


In contemporary global environmental governance, private companies are both recipients of as well as contributors to the development and spread of environmental practices, norms, standards, and legislation. One sector that seems to be of particular significance is the environmental consultancy industry. It assists public and private actors in developing environmental solutions and ensuring implementation and compliance by providing particular knowledge, management, and assessment skills. However, little attention has been paid to the environmental authority and agency of companies active in this field. This exploratory study on global environmental consultancy firms is guided by the basic research questions on agency in earth system governance: What is agency? How do actors acquire authority and become agents? How can we evaluate the effects these agents generate?


Agency Environmental consultancy firms Environmental authority Globalization