, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 1051-1072

Historical Evolution of the Transient Hot-Wire Technique

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Abstract

The paper attempts to describe the historical evolution of the transient hot-wire technique, employed today for the measurement of the thermal conductivity of fluids and solids over a wide range of conditions. Starting from the first experiments with heated wires in 1780 during the discussions of whether gases could conduct heat, it guides the reader through typical designs of cells and bridges, software employed and theory developed, to the modern applications. The paper is concluded with a discussion of the areas of application where problems still exist, and a glimpse of the technique’s future.