International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 977–989

Macaca munzala: A New Species from Western Arunachal Pradesh, Northeastern India*

Authors

    • Nature Conservation Foundation
    • National Institute of Advanced Studies, Indian Institute of Science Campus
    • Wildlife Conservation Society – India Program
  • Aparajita Datta
    • Nature Conservation Foundation
    • Wildlife Conservation Society – India Program
  • M. D. Madhusudan
    • Nature Conservation Foundation
    • Wildlife Conservation Society – India Program
  • Charudutt Mishra
    • Nature Conservation Foundation
    • International Snow Leopard Trust
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10764-005-5333-3

Cite this article as:
Sinha, A., Datta, A., Madhusudan, M.D. et al. Int J Primatol (2005) 26: 977. doi:10.1007/s10764-005-5333-3

Abstract

Macaca, comprising 20 well-characterized species, represents the largest and one of the most ecologically and socially diverse of all the nonhuman primate genera. We report the discovery of a macaque that is new to science from the high altitudes of western Arunachal Pradesh, a biodiversity-rich state in northeastern India. We propose the scientific name Macaca munzala and the vernacular name Arunachal macaque for the species. It shares morphological characteristics independently with the Assamese macaque (Macaca assamensis) and with the Tibetan macaque M. thibetana; like them, it appears to belong to the sinica species-group of the genus. However, the species is distinctive in relative tail length, which is intermediate between those of Tibetan and Western Assamese macaques, the subspecies with which it is sympatric. It is also unique in its altitudinal distribution, occurring largely at altitudes between 2000 and 3500 m. We provide a morphological characterization of the species, report preliminary data on its field biology and discuss possible taxonomic identity in relation to the other closely-related species of Macaca.

Keywords

Arunachal macaqueMacaca munzalaMacaca assamensisMacaca thibetanasinica species-groupArunachal PradeshIndia

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005