A Role of Piperine on Monosodium Urate Crystal-Induced Inflammation—An Experimental Model of Gouty Arthritis
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- Sabina, E.P., Nagar, S. & Rasool, M. Inflammation (2011) 34: 184. doi:10.1007/s10753-010-9222-3
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In the present study, the anti-inflammatory effect of piperine was investigated on monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammation in mice, an experimental model for gouty arthritis, and compared it with that of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, indomethacin. The levels of lysosomal enzymes, lipid peroxidation, tumor necrosis factor-α, and paw volume were increased significantly, and the activities of antioxidant status were in turn decreased in monosodium urate crystal-induced mice, whereas these changes were reverted to near normal levels upon piperine (30 mg/kg b.wt, i.p.) treatment. In vitro, piperine (50/100 ug/ml) suppressed the level of β-glucuronidase and lactate dehydrogenase in monosodium urate crystal-incubated polymorphonuclear leucocytes in concentration-dependent manner when compared to control cells. Thus, the present study clearly indicated that piperine inhibit the monosodium urate crystal-induced inflammation and can be regarded as therapeutic drug for the treatment of acute gouty arthritis.