Hydrobiologia

, Volume 653, Issue 1, pp 179–190

Homage to the Virgin of Ecology, or why an aquatic insect unadapted to desiccation may maintain populations in very small, temporary Mediterranean streams

Authors

    • Departament d’EcologiaUniversitat de Barcelona
    • Department of EntomologyNatural History Museum
  • Núria Bonada
    • Departament d’EcologiaUniversitat de Barcelona
  • Carles Ribera
    • Departament de Biologia AnimalUniversitat de Barcelona
  • Narcís Prat
    • Departament d’EcologiaUniversitat de Barcelona
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DOI: 10.1007/s10750-010-0353-1

Cite this article as:
Múrria, C., Bonada, N., Ribera, C. et al. Hydrobiologia (2010) 653: 179. doi:10.1007/s10750-010-0353-1

Abstract

In temporary streams, the annual constriction of drying is associated with high local extinction risk. To survive in such habitats, organisms with no specific biological traits for coping with dry periods should experience high colonisation rates from permanent reaches of the same basin or from other basins. Hydropsyche siltalai is a widespread caddisfly common in permanent and temporary headwaters reaches in the Mediterranean climate region of the Iberian Peninsula. In this study, we used genetic analyses to test if populations of H. siltalai in temporary streams are resettled from populations of the same basin or from other basins. The geographical distribution of H. siltalai was surveyed in 97 temporary and permanent reaches across four basins; larvae were found in 22 reaches (12 temporary and 10 permanent). Population genetic analyses of 11 selected reaches (6 temporary and 5 permanent) revealed low genetic diversity and no genetic population structure among and within basins. Overall, H. siltalai appeared to disperse well among basins independent of stream temporality. Permanent reaches from different basins act as a source of the individuals that recolonise temporary reaches after local extinctions, indicating a metapopulation structure at regional scale. Moreover, our results support other studies that showed that dispersal among basins is a recurrent pattern in aquatic insects.

Keywords

DispersalGene flowHydropsychidaePhylogeographyTemporary streams

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010