, Volume 643, Issue 1, pp 123-128
Date: 09 Mar 2010

No evidence for a cost of selection by carbaryl exposure in terms of vulnerability to fish predation in Daphnia magna

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Abstract

Natural populations are exposed to multiple stressors. These stressors may interact, leading to synergistic or antagonistic responses. In addition to these direct interaction effects, there may also be an interaction between stressors through a selection effect: as the population genetically responds to one stressor, it may become more vulnerable to another one, for instance because of an associated reduction in genetic variation. We here capitalized on a selection experiment involving the exposure of Daphnia populations to carbaryl pulses to test the hypothesis that selection imposed by this pesticide may increase vulnerability to fish predation in the resulting population. A direct predation experiment with individuals isolated from carbaryl-exposed and non-exposed populations revealed no effect of prior selection by carbaryl exposure on mortality due to stickleback predation.

Guest editors: M. Silva-Briano & S. S. S. Sarma / Biology of Cladocera (Crustacea): Proceedings of the VIII International Cladocera Symposium