, Volume 615, Issue 1, pp 201-213
Date: 13 Sep 2008

Gene flow at the margin of Lake Matano’s adaptive sailfin silverside radiation: Telmatherinidae of River Petea in Sulawesi

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Abstract

Classical speciation concepts focus almost exclusively on the evolution of strict reproductive isolation as a prerequisite for speciation. However, there is a growing body of evidence indicating that speciation is possible despite or even triggered by gene flow among populations or species. Previous findings indicate that introgressive hybridization is a dominant phenomenon in the adaptive radiation of sailfin silversides (Telmatherinidae) endemic to Lake Matano (Sulawesi). In this study, we investigate patterns of genotypic and phenotypic variation of “sharpfin” sailfin silversides in the outlet area of L. Matano and six locations along River Petea, which is the only connection between L. Matano and other lakes and streams of the Malili Lakes system. Fieldwork revealed no hints for a previously cited major waterfall in River Petea, which was thought to separate L. Matano’s sailfin silverside radiation from the diversity of the downstream lake drainages. Likewise, genomic (AFLP) and morphometric data suggest high levels of gene flow between upper and lower stretches of this river, as well as between riverine Petea and lacustrine Matano populations. Increasing levels of genotypic and phenotypic dissimilarity are correlated with distance over a remarkably short geographic range.

Guest editors: T. Wilke, R. Väinölä & F. Riedel
Patterns and Processes of Speciation in Ancient Lakes: Proceedings of the Fourth Symposium on Speciation in Ancient Lakes, Berlin, Germany, September 4–8, 2006