, Volume 596, Issue 1, pp 57-66
Date: 13 Jul 2007

Intertidal community structure differs significantly between substrates dominated by native eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) and adjacent to the introduced oyster Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg) in British Columbia, Canada

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Abstract

Eelgrass beds represent important habitats for marine organisms, but are in decline in many coastal areas around the world. On Cortes Island, British Columbia, Canada, oysters coexist regionally with native eelgrass (Zostera marina L.), but eelgrass is typically absent directly seaward of oyster beds (the “below-oyster cobble zone”). We compared assemblage structure of nekton (fish and swimming macroinvertebrates) and epibenthos (macroinvertebrates and macroalgae) between eelgrass bed and below-oyster habitats. We sampled the intertidal zone on Cortes Island at low tide using two methods: quadrats to enumerate epibenthic macroinvertebrates and macroalgae, and beach seines to enumerate fish and swimming macroinvertebrates. Using multivariate analysis of similarity (ANOSIM), we found that the structure of nektonic and epibenthic assemblages associated with below-oyster cobble zones were significantly different from those in eelgrass-beds. Univariate measures showed that nektonic species richness and abundance were significantly higher in eelgrass beds than in below-oyster cobble habitat, whereas epibenthic species richness and abundance were significantly higher in below-oyster habitat.

Handling editor: J. Trexler