Freshwater Animal Diversity Assessment


, Volume 595, Issue 1, pp 287-293

First online:

Global diversity of shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea) in freshwater

  • S. De GraveAffiliated withOxford University Museum of Natural History Email author 
  • , Y. CaiAffiliated withBiodiversity Centre, National Parks Board
  • , A. AnkerAffiliated withSmithsonian Tropical Research Institute

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Freshwater caridean shrimps account for approximately a quarter of all described Caridea, numerically dominated by the Atyidae and Palaemonidae. With the exception of Antarctica, freshwater shrimp are present in all biogeographical regions. However, the Oriental region harbours the majority of species, whilst the Nearctic and western Palaearctic are very species-poor. Many species are important components of subsistence fisheries, whilst the Giant River Prawn forms the basis of an extensive aquaculture industry. A total of 13 species are threatened or endangered, with one species formally extinct.


Caridea Decapoda Freshwater Biodiversity