Hydrobiologia

, Volume 592, Issue 1, pp 11–94

Ancient lakes as hotspots of diversity: a morphological review of an endemic species flock of Tylomelania (Gastropoda: Cerithioidea: Pachychilidae) in the Malili lake system on Sulawesi, Indonesia

  • Thomas von Rintelen
  • Philippe Bouchet
  • Matthias Glaubrecht
Primary Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10750-007-0765-8

Cite this article as:
von Rintelen, T., Bouchet, P. & Glaubrecht, M. Hydrobiologia (2007) 592: 11. doi:10.1007/s10750-007-0765-8

Abstract

The viviparous freshwater gastropod Tylomelania (Caenogastropoda: Cerithioidea: Pachychilidae) endemic to the Indonesian island Sulawesi has radiated extensively in two ancient lake systems. We here present the first systematic species-level review of taxa in the five lakes of the Malili lake system, which contains the most diverse and best studied freshwater fauna on Sulawesi. Our results indicate a significantly higher diversity of Tylomelania in these lakes than previously perceived based on morphological evidence for delimiting the taxa. We describe nine new species, thus increasing the number of taxa known from the Malili lakes to 25. Tylomelania species are inhabiting all available substrates in the lakes, and the diversity of habitats is reflected in an unparalleled range of radula types in this closely related group. Several species show a high intraspecific variability in some characters, and their closer investigation will probably lead to the discovery of more cryptic species. As it is, this species flock on Sulawesi is among the largest freshwater mollusc radiations known. Since the Malili lake system also contains other large endemic species flocks of e.g. crustaceans and fishes, it is a major hotspot of freshwater biodiversity in Asia to become a conservation priority.

Keywords

Freshwater gastropodsAdaptive radiationTaxonomyMorphologyEcologyBiodiversity

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas von Rintelen
    • 1
  • Philippe Bouchet
    • 2
  • Matthias Glaubrecht
    • 1
  1. 1.Museum of Natural History, Humboldt University BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Muséum National d’Histoire NaturelleParis cedex 05France