, Volume 578, Issue 1, pp 59-63,
Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Modifications in phytoplankton size structure by environmental constraints induced by regime shifts in an urban lake


Size related changes of phytoplankton biovolume and species composition have been analysed for forward and reverse regime shifts in a shallow, urban, seepage lake. As a consequence of changes in the hydrology, the pelagic switched from a clear water, macrophyte dominated state to a turbid stable phase with an abundant cyanobacterial population. Experimental nutrient reduction forced the system into a recovery phase. Each state change was associated with significant changes in total biovolume, species composition and size structure affecting surface to volume ratios (S/V). Chlorophyll-a content and S/V drastically increased during the early recovering phase due to small cell sized species developing. As expected, state transitions were associated with significant alterations in size structure and composition.