Hydrobiologia

, Volume 575, Issue 1, pp 33–50

Did Pleistocene glaciations shape genetic patterns of European ostracods? A phylogeographic analysis of two species with asexual reproduction

Primary Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10750-006-0276-z

Cite this article as:
Schön, I. Hydrobiologia (2007) 575: 33. doi:10.1007/s10750-006-0276-z

Abstract

Nested clade analyses (NCA) and likelihood mapping were applied to DNA sequence data of the ribosomal ITS1 and mitochondrial COI region from two non-marine ostracod species. The aim was to test whether Pleistocene glaciations may have shaped genetic and geographic patterns. According to the results from both types of analyses, evidence was lacking for any kind of geographic grouping of European (and one African) population from the putatively ancient asexual ostracod, Darwinula stevensoni. This counters the possibility that a recent selective sweep could have caused the low intraspecific, genetic diversity observed in this species. One of the most cited hypotheses to explain geographic parthenogenesis invokes faster, postglacial colonization by asexual lineages. However, no evidence for northern ‘range expansion’ of asexual haplotypes was found for Eucypris virens, a species with geographic parthenogenesis. Rather, the outcome of the NCA reveals that phylogeographic relationships are characterized by ‘restricted dispersal with isolation by (geographic) distance’. This result suggests that either no faster, postglacial range expansion of asexuals occurred in E. virens or, that patterns of subsequent colonization became ‘overwritten’ by more recent dispersal events. Likelihood mapping provides evidence for the second scenario because genetic instead of geographic clustering was statistically supported.

Keywords

Geographic parthenogenesis Ancient asexual Ostracods Phylogeography Nested clade analysis Likelihood mapping 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Freshwater BiologyRoyal Belgian Institute of Natural SciencesBrusselsBelgium