, Volume 570, Issue 1, pp 67-71

Aquatic plant bioassays used in the assessment of water quality in German rivers

  • Ute FeilerAffiliated withFederal Institute of Hydrology Email author 
  • , Falk KrebsAffiliated withFederal Institute of Hydrology
  • , Peter HeiningerAffiliated withFederal Institute of Hydrology

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A novel aquatic bioassay with Lemna minor (duckweed), a representative of higher plants, was applied to pore waters (interstitial waters) from river sediments. The results have been used for the ecotoxicological assessment of sediments in several German rivers. The aim of the present study is to demonstrate the usefulness of a macrophyte bioassay, as a supplement to the standardised algae bioassays, with regard to the ecotoxicological assessment of aquatic systems. Results relating to the development of a sediment contact test (using the whole sediment) with Lemna minor are also presented.


macrophytes Lemna minor bioassay water quality sediments sediment toxicity assessment